Horatius Bonar

The Grace, the Service, and the Kingdom

Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more, I shake not the earth only, but also heaven. And this word, Yet once more, signifieth the removing of those things that are shaken, as of things that are made, that those things which cannot be shaken may remain. Wherefore, we receiving a kingdom which cannot be moved, let us have grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear: For our God is a consuming fire. God knows us. He knows what we are; he knows also what he meant us to be; and upon the difference between these two states he founds his testimony concerning us. (Heb. 12:26–29)

It is the voice of Jehovah that the Apostle here speaks of. That voice, as being the expression of his mind, the utterance of his purpose, went forth armed with the power of the Godhead. For it was not the mere majesty or melody of sound which issued from the lips of Jehovah that wrought the vast results, but the resistless purpose which it expressed.

Of this voice we read, “the voice of Jehovah is powerful, the voice of Jehovah is full of majesty; the voice of Jehovah shaketh the wilderness, Jehovah shaketh the wilderness of Kadesh.” (Ps. 29:8) It was this voice that said, “Let there be light, and there was light.” It was this voice which spake so often to the Patriarchs and Prophets. It was this voice that was heard on Sinai shaking the mountain and the whole desert around. (This was the meaning of verse 18, “the mountain that was touched,” i.e., touched by God, as we read, “touch the mountains and they shall smoke.”) It is this voice which is yet to be heard again on earth saying: “Behold I make all things new.”

There are two shakings here referred to by the Apostle: the first is that of Sinai, which is already past; the second is that at the Lord’s coming, which is still future. Of this still future shaking he affirms three things.

It is a final shaking. It is but “once more,” and then all creation is at rest for ever. It is but “once more” that the awful voice is to be heard. It is but “once more” that the stormy vengeance of Jehovah is to be let loose upon the earth, to work havoc there. That last tempest is even now drawing together its clouds of darkness from every region, and mustering its strength for the terrible outburst — an outburst terrible indeed, but yet the last!

It is a more extensive shaking than any heretofore. “I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.” The heaven here spoken of is not the “third heaven,” which is the peculiar dwelling-place of God and the shrine of his glory: but the visible heavens above us — the same as those of which we read, “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” This universal shaking is that which Jesus himself predicted in these words: “Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken.” (Matt. 24:29) It is also that of which the prophet Isaiah, in his twenty-fourth chapter, has given at length so dark a picture: “The earth is utterly-broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly. The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage.” (Isa. 24:19–20) Very fearful will these convulsions be. Above, beneath, around; earth, air, and sea shall be all one dark, wide circle of desolation and terror. And there shall be no hiding-place from that wind, no covert from that wasteful tempest, no refuge from that universal uproar! Careless sinner! What shall then become of thee?

It is a shaking followed by a glorious issue. It is not for the annihilation of this material fabric, nor is it for reducing all things to their primitive chaos. It is for a very different end. That end is twofold. There is first “the removing of those things which are shaken, as of things which are made,” that is, things of perishable workmanship. Then there is the consolidating of what resists and survives this shaking into an immovable creation. The whole universe is to undergo this shaking, in order that all that is perishable and crumbling may be shaken off, and the imperishable, the stable, the eternal may remain. How glorious! Here surely is enough to outweigh, in the estimate of the saint, all that is gloomy and terrible in the scenes that lie between. The foreground is dark, but the scene beyond it is all glad and bright. The commotions in immediate prospect, of which we are already beginning to descry the forerunners, are apt to depress and sadden; but all beyond that is so stable, so unchanging, and spreads itself out before us in such refulgent, holy beauty, that we can overleap the dreary interval, and stay our hearts as well as refresh our eyes with the glory to be revealed when the skirts of the last cloud shall be seen passing off in the distance, and the echo of the last thunder heard remotely upon the joyful hills.

The apostle having thus foretold the convulsions of the last days, and alluded to the “times of the restitution of all things,” proceeds to show the effect which these things should have upon believers, and in what a solemn attitude it places them. This is the object of what follows, which, from the use of the word “wherefore,” is obviously an inference from his preceding statements. Keeping this in view, let us endeavour to understand each clause in succession. In doing so we shall follow the order not of the words but of the ideas.

The Kingdom. It is “a kingdom which cannot be moved.” All present things are to be shaken, and out of these is to come the kingdom that cannot be moved — a kingdom unchangeable and eternal. Sin, we know, has loosened everything, transforming a stable world into a decaying, crumbling ruin. In order that stability may be restored, all things must be shaken, and after these shakings comes this immovable kingdom. There may be reference here to Daniel’s prophecy of the kingdoms which were to arise on the earth. There was first the Babylonian, lion-hearted, eagle-winged (Dan. 7:4), mighty and magnificent, as if it could not but abide for ever. Yet, when it had served God’s purposes, and run its ordained course, it passed away like a vision of the night, proving that it was not the kingdom which cannot be moved. Then, out of its wide ruins there arose the second kingdom, that of the Medes and Persians, ravenous and devouring, as if it would swallow up all others, and remain in its strength. But it, too, fell to pieces and departed, proving that it was not “the kingdom which cannot be moved.” Then, out of the ruins of the second there shot up the third kingdom, the Macedonian, renowned for its winged swiftness of conquest and far-ranging dominion. But it, too, fell asunder and crumbled away, showing that it was not “the kingdom which cannot be moved.” Then there arose the fourth, the Roman kingdom, “dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly.” It still survives, even as it has survived the storms of many a century, the shock of a thousand earthquakes. But its days are numbered too. And when it has fulfilled Jehovah’s purposes and finished its appointed course, then shall it pass away like the chaff of the summer thrashing-floor, proving that neither is it “the kingdom which cannot be moved.” But out of the wrecks of these broken empires, there arises yet another kingdom very different from all the rest — different in origin, in nature, and in duration. It is thus described: “I saw in the night visions, and, behold! one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given to him dominion, and glory and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.” (Dan. 7:13–14)

Here, then, is the kingdom which “cannot be moved,” glorious and imperishable, which is to outlast all others here, nay, to be established upon their ruins, and to stand for ever. There is no kingdom like this among all that have ever been. Everything about it is incorruptible, as well as undefiled. Its territory, its subjects, its laws, its throne, its sceptre, its Sovereign, are all everlasting! Nothing can shake it. No war, no enemy, can disturb its peace. No storm, no earthquake, can assail it. No internal weakness or decay can dismember or dissolve it. It shall be in itself unchangeable and immovable: and, besides, all that could weaken it from within, or wage war against it from without, shall have passed away for ever. The day of its duration shall be the eternal Sabbath — the rest that remaineth for the people of God.

The Kings. Who are they? “We,” says the apostle — that is, not “we apostles,” but “we saints.” As believers, we have received a kingdom, being made kings and priests unto God; being made “heirs of God, joint-heirs with Jesus Christ.” Hence we read, also, in that chapter we have already quoted, “The saints of the Most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even forever and ever.” (Dan. 7:18) In believing, then, we not only receive forgiveness and eternal life, but we receive a kingdom too. It becomes ours in right, though not ours in possession, till the time appointed of the Father. What honour! What dignity! What glory is this! Angels are but “ministering spirits”: we are kings — partakers with Christ himself of his crown and throne! Behold what manner of love the Father hath bestowed upon us! What a holy life should then be ours! Surely we may be expected to keep in mind our coming glory, and to walk worthy of it — worthy of such a calling, and of such a kingdom! What is the world to us, whether in its poverty or wealth, its glory or its shame, who have already received an everlasting kingdom, and shall ere long wear an unfading crown?

And, oh, let careless sinners think how much they lose. What an infinite gain might be theirs! And what an infinite loss shall infallibly be theirs, if they turn away from him who speaketh from heaven! Hear, then, and your souls shall live; nay, you shall receive a kingdom too!

Our present position and employment. It is that of “serving God.” “Let us serve God,” says the apostle. Our whole life is to be one of service: not merely certain portions of our life, but our entire life from the moment that we believe. It is the life of men redeemed to God, and who have therefore become his property. It is not merely in the closet or the sanctuary, upon the bended knee or with the clasped hand, that this service is to be performed, but always and in every action of our life.

The allusion here seems to be to the Levitical service under the former law. In that we have the true specimens of what God calls service — priestly service. “Every priest, it is written, standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices.” (Heb. 10:11) It was a continual ministering before the Lord and in his temple. All that was done, was done to God, as under his immediate eye. That carnal priesthood has been done away. There is but one High Priest now, and he is above in the better sanctuary. There is no longer any of the indirect communication through the medium of a fellow-sinner. All our dealing is directly with God, for we are God’s priests on earth. Each saint is a priest unto God as well as a king. And as Jehovah’s priesthood, we serve in the true sanctuary “which the Lord pitched and not man.” Ours is a consecrated life, and therefore a continual service, the service of priests. We are sprinkled with blood, set apart for God, and our whole life is to be one of priestly service. Not merely in our holy duties, or at our holy times, but always. Each word we speak is to be an act of priestly service; each step we take is to be an act of priestly service; each action of our life is to be an act of priestly service. And this unceasingly; at every time, in every place, in every station, in every act, we are to remember that we are God’s priesthood.

In believing, we become Jehovah’s priests. The blood is sprinkled upon us, the holy anointing oil is poured over us, the priestly raiment is put upon us. We take our censers and enter into the tabernacle of our God; no longer merely into the holy place, but into the holiest of all, through the veil that was rent. We make our dwelling within these hallowed walls. We pitch our tent beside the mercy-seat, under the immediate vision of the glory. Our whole life is to be spent in that sanctuary. For it is not a going out and coming in, but an abiding there. All we think, or feel, or say, or do, is to be done there as under the very eye of God.

How solemn is a believer’s life! What an exalted, yet what a blessed thing! To be a priest unto God, and, as his priest, to dwell in his temple, to serve him there unceasingly, and to go out no more! What a dignity does it throw over the life even of the meanest saint! What an importance does it attach to his most common actions and thoughts! For his whole life is priestly service — a service of a nearer and more peculiar kind than angels. They serve, but not as priests. All our service is priestly as well as royal.

How solemn should our walk and conversation be! How anxious to redeem the time, to make it manifest that we consider ourselves wholly God’s, set apart for him, and dedicated to his service alone! What room is there left for folly, or frivolity, or vanity, or worldliness? With our holy garments upon us, our censers in our hands, and standing under the shadow of the glory, how can we give way to levity, or wickedness, or indolence, in circumstances so unutterably solemn and overawing? Oh, what manner of persons ought we to be in all holy conversation and godliness!

In what manner is this service to be performed? Acceptably and reverentially.

(1.) Acceptably — that is, so as to please God. In all our service this is to be distinctly kept in mind. In our prayers, praises, duties, we are not only to gratify ourselves but to please God. All our service is to be fragrant to him, a sweet-smelling savour, “a sacrifice acceptable, well-pleasing to God.” Let us observe, however, that to serve God acceptably is not to serve for the purpose of making ourselves accepted. No, before our services can be accepted, we must be accepted ourselves. It is not our services that make us acceptable, but we that make our services. We do not serve in order to be accepted; but we serve, because, in believing, we have already been made accepted in the beloved. We do not pray and praise in order to make ourselves accepted, but because we have been previously accepted in Christ Jesus. A saint is not one who serves God in order to be forgiven; but one who, having found forgiveness, serves God in love and liberty as a forgiven soul, and with an enlarged heart.

(2.) With reverence and godly fear. There is to be no irreverence, no rashness, no presumption in our service, as if God were one like ourselves, or nearly upon our level. There is to be fear and solemn awe when we consider whom we worship; who we are who are thus permitted to draw near; in what temple it is that we worship, and what blood it cost ere we could be permitted to enter. Reverence in the presence of God is often spoken of and enjoined upon all who draw near to him. (Ps. 22:23; 33:8; 31:9; 89:7; 115:11–13) Oh, what profound and self-abasing reverence of spirit does the service of Jehovah demand of us! How entirely does it rebuke all levity and vain speech or frivolous deportment, even in our common walk of life! How can we serve God, and yet indulge in foolish talking and jesting? How can we serve God, and yet join with the world in its idle words, its laughter, its gaiety, its song, its mirth? Surely it becomes us to preserve reverence and godly fear in all things — in our actions, in our words, in our very looks and tones. Let our deportment be ever such as becometh the servants of the most high God, his royal priesthood below, who, though serving him in weakness here and in the midst of much prevailing sin, are anticipating the time when we shall serve him in the fulness of our strength and in the perfection of holiness, without infirmity, without weariness, and without end.

How are we to maintain this service? By holding fast grace, says the apostle. (This is the marginal reading, and is a common meaning of εχω. See 1 Tim. 1:19; 3:9; 2 Tim. 1:13.) Let us, says he, have or hold fast grace, whereby we may serve God acceptably. It is only by continuing in that free love of God, into the joy of which we entered when first we believed, that we can be enabled to serve him aright. As sinners, we laid hold of that free love at first, and found forgiveness there; and it is as sinners that we are still to keep hold of that same free love in which alone we can find a resting-place. When that free love entered our souls, it brought with it liberty and gladness and light. It dispelled all our darkness, it removed all our sorrow, it struck off every fetter, and blessed us with the liberty of God’s beloved Son. And it is in this same love that we are to abide to the end. We are to beware of losing sight of it, or letting it go. Our believing this free love first brought us nigh; and it is our continuing to believe it just as at the first that keeps us nigh. It is the “beginning of our confidence” that we are to hold fast to the end. As we have received Jesus Christ, even so are we to walk in him and abide in him.

There is no other way in which we can render acceptable service. The moment I lose sight of this, my service becomes unacceptable, nay, displeasing to God. If I am allowing suspicions of God to enter my soul, or doubts to arise as to what his feelings are towards me, then I cannot serve him acceptably; I may serve him outwardly, but it will be in bondage, not as a son. And can I be an acceptable worshipper if I come in the spirit of bondage and not in the spirit of adoption? Can I be an acceptable worshipper if I draw near, denying, or at least doubting, his grace, his free love? Can I be an acceptable worshipper if I know nothing of forgiveness and peace with the God I come to worship? Can that be worship or service which knows no liberty, no joy, no love, no enlargement of heart; but instead of these, can tell only of gloom, and suspicion, and uncertainty? God, in the riches of his free love, forgives me that I may serve him acceptably. This is his way. But I reverse the order. I serve him in order that I may procure forgiveness. But in this there is nothing acceptable, because there is no keeping hold of the free love of God.

Yet is not the life of many Christians in our day just a life of bondage and of doubt? How little of acceptable service does God receive from all the tens of thousands that name his name! And whence is this? The grace of God is not their resting-place. The free love of God is not the main-spring of their lives. And till this is the case there can be no acceptable service, no glowing zeal, no simple-hearted, unwearied, joyful labour in the cause of God. An intolerable weight presses them down, and an unseen chain fetters every limb. How sad, that the glad tidings of the grace of God should have done no more for them than this! Yet these same glad tidings still compass them about; and will they not even now believe them and be set free from bondage? Will they not believe them, that being delivered from these burdens, they may gladly enter into Jehovah’s service with all the joy and zeal which men who have tasted that love, and are living upon it, cannot help displaying?

But a question naturally arises here — How does a sight of this free love produce reverence and godly fear? It is not so difficult to show how it produces acceptable service, but how does it produce reverent service? In many ways; but chiefly in the following:

(1.) Grace takes for granted the infinite evil of sin and our infinite wickedness. It proceeds entirely upon this from first to last. It refuses to deal with us on any terms save the acknowledgment that we are utterly corrupt and lost. It will not concede to us one particle of good, otherwise grace were no more grace. It is the most thoroughly condemning, man-humbling thing that can be conceived. It makes us totally debtors — nothing short of this. It will only take our case in hand upon the admission of our entire and desperate wickedness. It brings free forgiveness, but only upon the acknowledgment that we are altogether guilty. It brings salvation, but only on the supposition that we are completely lost. And if such be the case, is not the free love of God the most humbling thing in the world? And is not the sight of it the most likely to produce reverence and godly fear?

(2.) Grace shows us far more of God than we could ever learn in any other way. God’s way of saving sinners is also his way of bringing into view the depths and heights of his own glorious character. It gives us a new sight into it, and opens up to us most marvellous discoveries of his greatness, glory, majesty, wisdom and might, as well as of his love. Nothing unveils to us so much of God as grace. And surely that which spreads out before us his infinitely glorious character and purposes must be the thing, of all others, most fitted to abase us — to produce the profoundest reverence towards that all-excellent, all-perfect One. When we knew less of God there might be irreverence, but not now. In the case of Adam, or of angels, who see less of the character of God than a redeemed sinner sees, their might be the possibility of irreverence; but surely not in us, who know something of the exceeding riches of the grace of God, and of his kindness towards us in Christ Jesus our Lord.

(3.) Grace brings us far nearer to God. It takes us into the inner circle, nearer far to God than Adam was before he fell, nearer than angels are who never fell. And surely that which brings us so near to God must produce reverence and godly fear. They who dwell afar off, who occupy the outer circles of being, may be irreverent; but those who stand so near to God, who have not only come into his tabernacle, but been made to dwell even in the holiest, can never cherish or tolerate the faintest approach to irreverence or want of solemnity in the service of God. We are one with Christ, we are members of his body, we are joint heirs with him of all that he has received of the Father. And this union, this nearness, is above all other things fitted to awaken reverence in the soul. The more we realise this nearness by dwelling in the grace of God, the more shall we be broken down and filled with lowliness of spirit in worshipping this great and mighty God.

Our God is a consuming fire. This evidently comes in as an additional reason to the preceding. And a most weighty and solemn one it is, though but little understood.

Let us observe the peculiarity of this expression. It is not, “God is a consuming fire”; nor is it, “God out of Christ is a consuming fire”; for in truth there is no such being as a God out of Christ. But it is “our God is a consuming fire.” The fire, indeed, has not consumed us, but still it is consuming. The God with whom we have to do, is a God who has saved us, yet still this very God whom we call ours is a consuming fire. Should we not, then, serve him with reverence and godly fear?

God is the God of salvation, yet he is a consuming fire. In him these things are combined and displayed together. The saved soul sees both these things in one. The very thing which shows him God as the God of salvation is the thing which shows him God the consuming fire. And on the other hand, the very thing which manifests God as a consuming fire is the thing which displays him as the God of salvation. He is not represented as possessing these characters separately to different classes, but as presenting himself at once under both; so that, looking to him in this twofold light, the apostle exclaimed, “our God is a consuming fire.”

We can trace this double manifestation all along from the beginning. Look at Abel. He kneels before the altar on which the bleeding firstling of his flock is laid. In a moment fire descends from heaven and devours the sacrifice. That fire passes close by him. Yet he fears not. He knows that it will not reach him, for it is the lamb that attracts it. On that lamb it must descend — but descending on it he remains unharmed. And after the fire has consumed the victim, Abel can lift up his eyes to heaven without terror and say, “our God is a consuming fire.”

In like manner we might trace this downward from altar to altar, from worshipper to worshipper, from Abel to Noah, from Noah to Abraham, from Abraham to Moses. Each altar speaks of grace, yet of fiery vengeance too. On one side of it is written Salvation: on the other, God a consuming fire.

But look at the true altar. Look at yonder cross. Hear the cries which issue as the fiery wrath of Jehovah descends upon the sufferer. What does that mean? It means that God is a consuming fire, and yet that that consuming fire is finding vent to itself, so as to pass by us and leave us not only unharmed, but assured of the abundant grace of God towards us. It is when standing by that cross, and seeing the flames of wrath expend themselves upon Jesus, that we are made to see the character of God as the God of grace, and to say “our God.” The fire that consumed him shows us how great is his hatred of the sin, yet how tender is his love to the sinner. The brightest display of his holiness is also the fullest manifestation of his love; so that that very object which wins our hearts and awakens our confidence is the object which fills us with the profoundest reverence and godly fear. No one has such a view of the righteous majesty of Jehovah and his abhorrence of iniquity as the soul that has found forgiveness at the cross of Christ. And thus it is that he can say, “our God is a consuming fire.”

Thus the consuming fire of which the Apostle speaks is not the fire which descended upon Sodom, nor the fire which consumed Korah, Dathan, and Abiram, nor the fire which so often smote the enemies of the Lord. These were terrible enough, but not half so terrible as the fire of the altar — the fire of Jehovah’s wrath, which came down upon the head of his beloved Son. It is at the cross alone that we learn what Divine vengeance is. The others are but sparks from the furnace — this is the furnace itself. The others are but reflections of the lightning — this is the infinite thunderbolt itself. It is only at the cross that we really see God the consuming fire.

Yet this fire, in which the whole wrath of God was poured out, is the proclaimer of grace and salvation. When standing by the cross, what is it that assures us that there is no more wrath for us? It is just that we have seen the consuming fire descend upon him who was laid as a sacrifice upon that altar. It is this that enables us to look up to heaven without a fear of wrath. Had that fire not descended — had we not seen it consume the victim, we should have been casting glances of infinite terror to those clouds which hung above us. We must have felt that they were charged with thunder for us — that they were as the quiver of Jehovah, containing his vengeful lightnings in their cloudy sheath. Till we knew they were exhausted, that they had discharged their contents, we could not look up unalarmed. But having seen the consuming fire come forth — having seen it expend itself upon the cross — we can cast upwards a tranquil and loving eye, and send up along with our joyful glance the utterance of filial hearts, saying, “Abba, Father.”

The sword which was placed at the gate of Eden, to bar man’s re-entrance, was “a flaming sword.” It was the earliest proclamation to man that God was a consuming fire. It prohibited all access; nay, it threatened with immediate death any who should rashly seek to enter. But that flaming sword has been removed. Its fire has been quenched. The sinner may now go freely in. Nay, he is invited by God himself to enter. Nay, more, the highest wickedness of which he can be guilty, is just his refusing to enter. And how is this? Jehovah spoke and said to that flaming sword, “Awake, O sword, against the man that is my fellow.” (Zech. 13:7) The sword awoke, and smote the Son of God. But in doing so, it was quenched, and taken out of the way. It no longer came between the sinner and God. It was henceforth not to bar our access into Paradise, but to point the way, and to assure us of a welcome.

Thus, in preaching God a consuming fire, we preach the gospel of the grace of God. “Out of the eater comes forth meat.” We can tell you of God’s holy love, and how that love has found free vent to itself. We can tell you how that love is now flowing like a stream from heaven throughout the manifold regions of our fallen earth, and how each sinner among you is invited to stoop down and drink of that river of love and life that is flowing past his dwelling. We can tell you of God’s willingness to save unto the uttermost, and we can invite you to draw near with a true heart, and in full assurance of faith. Far-off sinner, come! The message is to you; it addresses you by name; it breathes kindness and welcome in every word; it scruples not about your unpreparedness; it will admit of no delay. It does not say, After you have prepared yourself, come; after you have repented, come. It says, Come as you at this moment stand — a sinner upon God’s earth, not knowing but that another moment may cast you into an endless hell. Remember how the Lord himself has said, “I came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance.” (Luke 5:32)

And now mark the sad and dread reverse. “Our God is a consuming fire.” Words of inconceivable terror these to the stouthearted sinner! The world has already seen one awful manifestation of this truth in the cross of Christ. It has yet to see another — in the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone, which is the second death. It is that second manifestation that awaits the despiser of the cross. The saints have seen God a consuming fire, but that fire never reached nor injured them. Not one spark of it was permitted to alight upon them. Thou shalt also behold it, thou scorning unbeliever; but thou shalt feel it, too. It will not pass thee by. It will descend upon thy head; it will enter thy very vitals; it will wrap thee in its endless folds of flame; it will toss thee upon its burning waves. What a doom shall thine be, when thou leavest the pleasant earth, and goest down to the lake of everlasting fire!

Yet it is all thine own doing! Thou art self-doomed, self-destroyed, self-tormented! God opened to thee the gate of heaven and beckoned thee in; but thou didst deliberately turn away, and go downwards to that prison-house of fire. Thy crime is deliberate rejection of the free grace of God — a rejection begun in infancy, carried on throughout life, and resolutely persisted in, till it has now landed you in the abyss of wrath and woe. The compassions of God towards you were as true as they were tender; his entreaties and invitations were as honest as they were earnest: but you had no ear for these beseechings — no heart for all that love. Oh what love might have all been thine! And in that love what an inheritance! And in that inheritance what a glory! And in that glory what a joy! And in that joy what an eternity of song and praise! All lost! All vilely cast away! Oh misery and madness without a name! The devils exult in it, yet they stand amazed at such desperate folly.

Not that it is yet too late, or that thy case is hopeless. Who says so? Not God; he still invites. Not Jesus; he still beseeches. Not the Holy Spirit; he still strives. Not angels; they still watch for thy return, that they may rejoice over a new-born fellow-immortal. Not ministers; they still point to the open gate, and proclaim free access and a joyful welcome. Not he who now addresses you; he assures you that God has no pleasure in your death — that there is love enough in his bosom for you; that there is room enough in his house and in his heart for you. He takes the bread of life and reaches it out freely to your famished souls, that you may eat and live for ever; he sets before you, and presses upon your acceptance, a present pardon and a present salvation, without money, or price, or condition, or qualification, or delay. He tells you that there still is hope, so long as you are on this side of hell, and that not till your feet have crossed the threshold of the eternal prison, and you have heard its gate close heavily behind you, making damnation sure — not till then can your case be desperate, or you a lost soul, for whom there is no gospel more — no cross, no Saviour, no love, no life, no heaven, for ever!

With a kingdom such as this in view — a kingdom that cannot be moved — what a life should be that of a Saint! How circumspect, how consistent, in all things! He is to walk worthy of his calling, worthy of his hope, worthy of his inheritance, worthy of him who has translated him out of the dwellings of darkness into the kingdom of his dear Son. Surely his life should be a holy one, as it is a blessed one. In word and deed; in his temper, deportment and intercourse with others, he is to manifest that he is not from beneath, but from above — that his heart has gone forward with his hopes to the inheritance for which he is looking — that his conversation is in heaven.

Men and brethren! Let our lives be such as that the world will know that we are servants of Christ, and heirs of his coming glory. While many say that they are Christians, let us be so. In an age of hollow religion like this, let our endeavour be, “to be what others only seem.”

The following sentence from Romaine (7:258–59) may come in very appropriately at the close of this: “The conscience says, I will have nothing to do with anything for salvation but the righteousness of Jehovah-Jesus, and his atonement on the tree. The heart says, This is all my desire. Hope says, I have cast my anchor on Jesus, I cannot be disappointed. Fear says, I would not for the world offend my God and Father. Then the whole man bows in subjection to Father, Son, and Spirit, and says, Lord God, rule in me, rule over me, guide, keep, bless me and mine all the way to heaven. You see, my good friend, from whence I draw my safety and my happiness — Not from self. O no, but from God in Christ. I look not at — depend not on, not in the least, myself — but wholly on my God. Whatever is of mine own, and comes from myself, shows me the necessity of walking humbly with my God. Self consists, as I feel to this hour, of wants, miseries, temptations. These do not stop me, but help me to walk more humbly with my God. They show me my constant want of salvation, and keep me constantly dependent on it. No failings in duty, no sense of indwelling sin, keep me from my reconciled God and Father, but bring me to walk in nearer fellowship with him. And seeing that all is of his grace, and mere sovereign love, pride is hid — every high thought is brought down — and the Lord Jesus alone gets all, it is his due, all the glory. This is my daily walk, a little sketch of it — but enough to let you see, that I have to do nothing for the peace of my conscience, the happiness of my heart, the conformity of my tempers and walks to the will of God, but Jesus — his Father’s love, and my Father’s, witnessed by the Word, and made mine by believing.”

’Tis first the true, and then the beautiful,
Not first the beautiful, and then the true;
First the wild moor, with rock and reed and pool,
Then the gay garden, rich in scent and hue.

’Tis first the good, and then the beautiful,
Not first the beautiful, and then the good;
First the rough seed, sown in the rougher soil,
Then the flower-blossom, or the branching wood.

Not first the glad, and then the sorrowful,
But first the sorrowful, and then the glad;
Tears for a day, — for earth of tears is full,
Then we forget that we were ever sad.

Not first the bright, and after that the dark, —
But first the dark, and after that the bright;
First the thick cloud, and then the rainbow’s arc,
First the dark grave, then resurrection-light.

’Tis first the night, — a night of storm and war, —
Long night of heavy clouds and veiled skies;
Then the far sparkle of the morning-star,
That bids the saints awake and dawn arise.


William Romaine, “Letter 118,” Works (London: R. Baynes, 1821). (Editor)

Chapter 1: How Shall I Go to God?

It is with our sins that we go to God, for we have nothing else to go with that we can call our own. This is one of the lessons that we are so slow to learn; yet without learning this we cannot take one right step in that which we call a religious life.

To look up some good thing in our past life, or to get up some good thing now, if we find that our past does not contain any such thing, is our first thought when we begin to inquire after God, that we may get the great question settled between him and us, as to the forgiveness of our sins.

“In his favour is life”; and to be without this favour is to be unhappy here, and to be shut out from joy hereafter. There is no life worthy of the name of life save that which flows from his assured friendship. Without that friendship, our life here is a burden and a weariness; but with that friendship we fear no evil, and all sorrow is turned into joy.

“How shall I be happy?” was the question of a weary soul who had tried a hundred different ways of happiness, and had always failed.

“Secure the favour of God,” was the prompt answer, by one who had himself tasted that the “Lord is gracious.”

“Is there no other way of being happy?”

“None, none,” was the quick and decided reply. “Man has been trying other ways for six thousand years, and has utterly failed, and are you likely to succeed?”

“No, not likely; and I don’t want to go on trying. But this favour of God seems such a shadowy thing, and God himself so far off, that I know not which way to turn.”

“God’s favour is no shadow; it is real beyond all other realities; and he himself is the nearest of all near beings, as accessible as he is gracious.”

“That favour of which you speak has always seemed to me a sort of mist, of which I can make nothing.”

“Say rather it is sunshine which a mist is hiding from you.”

“Yes, yes, I believe you; but how shall I get through the mist into the sunshine beyond? It seems so difficult, and to require such a length of time!”

“You make that distant and difficult which God has made simple and near and easy.”

“Are there no difficulties, do you mean to say?”

“In one sense, a thousand; in another, none.”

“How is that?”

“Did the Son of God put difficulties in the sinner’s way when he said to the multitude, ‘Come unto Me, and I will give you rest?’”

“Certainly not; he meant them to go at once to him, as he stood there, and as they stood there, and he would give them rest.”

“Had you then been upon the spot, what difficulties should you have found?”

“None, certainly; to speak of difficulty when I was standing by the side of the Son of God would have been folly, or worse.”

“Did the Son of God suggest difficulty to the sinner when he sat on Jacob’s well, by the side of the Samaritan? Was not all difficulty anticipated or put away by these wondrous words of grace, ‘Thou wouldest have asked, and he would have given?’”

“Yes, no doubt; the asking and the giving was all. The whole transaction is finished on the spot. Time and space, distance and difficulty, have nothing to do with the matter; the getting was to follow the asking as a matter of course. So far all is plain. But what of sin? Is there no barrier here?”

“None whatever, if the Son of God really came to save that which is lost; if he came for those who were only partly lost, or who could partly save themselves, the barrier is infinite. This I admit; nay, insist upon.”

“Is the being lost, then, no barrier to our being saved?”

“Foolish question, which may be met by a foolish answer. Is your being thirsty a hindrance to your getting water? Or is your being poor a hindrance to your obtaining riches as a gift from a friend?”

“True; it is my thirst that fits me for the water, and my poverty that fits me for the gold.”

“Ah, yes, the Son of man came not to call the righteous, but sinners to repentance. If you be not wholly a sinner, there is a barrier; if you be wholly such, there is none!”

“Wholly a sinner!” cries the weary soul. “Is that really my character?”

“No doubt of that. If you doubt it, go and search your Bible. God’s testimony is that you are wholly a sinner, and must deal with him as such, for the whole need not a physician, but they that are sick.”

“Wholly a sinner, well — but must I not get quit of some of my sins before I can expect blessing from him?”

“No, indeed; he alone can deliver you from so much as even one sin; and you must go at once to him with all that you have of evil, how much soever that may be. If you be not wholly a sinner, you don’t wholly need Christ, for he is out and out a Saviour; he does not help you to save yourself, nor do you help him to save you. He does all, or nothing. A half salvation will only do for those who are not completely lost. He ‘his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree.’” (1 Pet. 2:24)

It was in some such way as the above that Luther found his way into the peace and liberty of Christ. The story of his deliverance is an instructive one, as showing how the stumbling-blocks of self-righteousness are removed by the full exhibition of the gospel in its freeness, as the good news of God’s love to the unloving and unlovable, the good news of pardon to the sinner, without merit and without money, the good news of peace with God, solely through the propitiation of him who hath made peace by the blood of his cross.

One of Luther’s earliest difficulties was that he must get repentance wrought within himself; and having accomplished this, he was to carry this repentance as a peace-offering or recommendation to God. If this repentance could not be presented as a positive recommendation, at least it could be urged as a plea in mitigation of punishment.

“How can I dare believe in the favour of God,” he said, “so long as there is in me no real conversion? I must be changed before he can receive me.”

He is answered that the “conversion,” or “repentance,” of which he is so desirous, can never take place so long as he regards God as a stern and unloving Judge. It is the goodness of God that leadeth to repentance (Rom. 2:4), and without the recognition of this “goodness” there can be no softening of heart. An impenitent sinner is one who is despising the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering.

Luther’s aged counsellor tells him plainly that he must be done with penances and mortifications, and all such self-righteous preparations for securing or purchasing the divine favour.

That voice, Luther tells us touchingly, seemed to come to him from heaven: “All true repentance begins with the knowledge of the forgiving love of God.”

As he listens light breaks in, and an unknown joy fills him. Nothing between him and God! Nothing between him and pardon! No preliminary goodness, or preparatory feeling! He learns the apostle’s lesson, “Christ died for the ungodly” (Rom. 5:6); God “justifieth the ungodly!” (Rom. 4:5) All the evil that is in him cannot hinder this justification; and all the goodness (if such there be) that is in him cannot assist in obtaining it. He must be received as a sinner, or not at all. The pardon that is proffered recognises only his guilt; and the salvation provided in the cross of Christ regards him simply as lost.

But the sense of guilt is too deep to be easily quieted. Fear comes back again, and he goes once more to his aged adviser, crying, “Oh, my sin, my sin!” as if the message of forgiveness which he had so lately received was too good news to be true, and as if sins like his could not be so easily and so simply forgiven.

“What! Would you be only a pretended sinner, and therefore need only a pretended Saviour?”

So spake his venerable friend, and then added, solemnly, “Know that Jesus Christ is the Saviour of great and real sinners, who are deserving of nothing but utter condemnation.”

“But is not God sovereign in his electing love?” said Luther; “perhaps I may not be one of his chosen.”

“Look to the wounds of Christ,” was the answer, “and learn there God’s gracious mind to the children of men. In Christ we read the name of God, and learn what he is, and how he loves; the Son is the revealer of the Father; and the Father sent the Son to be the Saviour of the world.”

“I believe in the forgiveness of sins,” said Luther to a friend one day, when tossing on a sick bed; “but what is that to me?”

“Ah,” said his friend, “does not that include your own sins? You believe in the forgiveness of David’s sins, and of Peter’s sins, why not of your own? The forgiveness is for you as much as for David or Peter.”

Thus Luther found rest. The gospel, thus believed, brought liberty and peace. He knew that he was forgiven because God had said that forgiveness was the immediate and sure possession of all who believed the good news.

In the settlement of the great question between the sinner and God, there was to be no bargaining and no price of any kind. The basis of settlement was laid eighteen hundred years ago; and the mighty transaction on the cross did all that was needed as a price. “It is finished,” is God’s message to the sons of men in their inquiry, “What shall we do to be saved?” This completed transaction supersedes all man’s efforts to justify himself, or to assist God in justifying him. We see Christ crucified, and God in Christ reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing unto men their trespasses; and this non-imputation is the result solely of what was done upon the cross, where the transference of the sinner’s guilt to the divine Surety was once and forever accomplished. It is of that transaction that the gospel brings us the “good news,” and whosoever believeth it becomes partaker of all the benefits which that transaction secured.

“But am I not to be indebted to the Holy Spirit’s work in my soul?”

“Undoubtedly; for what hope can there be for you without the Almighty Spirit, who quickeneth the dead?”

“If so, then ought I not to wait for his impulses, and having got them, may I not present the feelings which he has wrought in me as reasons why I should be justified?”

“No, in no wise. You are not justified by the Spirit’s work, but by Christ’s alone; nor are the motions of the Spirit in you the grounds of your confidence, or the reasons for your expecting pardon from the Judge of all. The Spirit works in you, not to prepare you for being justified, or to make you fit for the favour of God, but to bring you to the cross, just as you are. For the cross is the only place where God deals in mercy with the transgressor.”

It is at the cross that we meet God in peace and receive his favour. There we find not only the blood that washes, but the righteousness which clothes and beautifies, so that henceforth we are treated by God as if our own unrighteousness had passed away, and the righteousness of his own Son were actually ours.

This is what the apostle calls “imputed” righteousness (Rom. 4:6, 8, 11, 22, 24), or righteousness so reckoned to us by God as that we are entitled to all the blessings which that righteousness can obtain for us. Righteousness got up by ourselves, or put into us by another, we call infused, or imparted, or inherent righteousness; but righteousness belonging to another reckoned to us by God as if it were our own, we call imputed righteousness. It is of this that the apostle speaks when he says, “put ye on the Lord Jesus Christ.” (Rom. 13:14; Gal. 3:27) Thus Christ represents us: and God deals with us as represented by him. Righteousness within will follow necessarily and inseparably: but we are not to wait in order to get it before going to God for the righteousness of his only begotten Son.

Imputed righteousness must come first. You cannot have the righteousness within till you have the righteousness and to make your own righteousness the price which you give to God for that of his Son, is to dishonour Christ, and to deny his cross. The Spirit’s work is not to make us holy, in order that we may be pardoned, but to show us the cross, where the pardon is to be found by the unholy; so that having found the pardon there, we may begin the life of holiness to which we are called.

That which God presents to the sinner is an immediate pardon, “not by works of righteousness which we have done,” but by the great work of righteousness finished for us by the Substitute. Our qualification for obtaining that righteousness is that we are unrighteous, just as the sick man’s qualification for the physician is that he is sick.

Of a previous goodness, preparatory to pardon, the gospel says nothing, Of a preliminary state of religious feeling as a necessary introduction to the grace of God, the apostles never spoke. Fears, troubles, self-questionings, bitter cries for mercy, forebodings of judgment, and resolutions of amendment, may, in point of time, have preceded the sinner’s reception of the good news; but they did not constitute his fitness, nor make up his qualification. He would have been quite as welcome without them. They did not make the pardon more complete, more gracious, or more free. The sinner’s wants were all his arguments; “God be merciful to me a sinner.” He needed salvation, and he went to God for it, and got it just because he needed it, and because God delights in the poor and needy. He needed pardon, and he went to God for it, and obtained it without merit or money. “When he had nothing to pay, God frankly forgave.” It was the having nothing to pay that drew out the frank forgiveness.

Ah, this is grace. “This is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us!” (1 John 4:10) He loved us, even when we were dead in sins. He loved us, not because we were rich in goodness, but because he was “rich in mercy”; not because we were worthy of his favour, but because he delighted in lovingkindness. his welcome to us comes from his own graciousness, not from our loveableness. “Come unto Me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.” (Matt. 11:28) Christ invites the weary! It is this weariness that fits you for him, and him for you. Here is the weariness, there is the resting-place! They are side by side. Do you say, “That resting-place is not for me?” What! Is it not for the weary? Do you say, “But I cannot make use of it?” What! Do you mean to say, “I am so weary that I cannot sit down?” If you had said, “I am so weary that I cannot stand, nor walk, nor climb,” one could understand you. But to say, “I am so weary that I cannot sit down,” is simple folly, or something worse, for you are making a merit and a work of your sitting down; you seem to think that to sit down is to do some great thing which will require a long and prodigious effort.

Let us listen then to the gracious words of the Lord: “If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give Me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.” (John 4:10) Thou wouldest have asked, and he would have given! That is all. How real, how true, how free; yet how simple!

Or let us listen to the voice of the servant in the person of Luther. “Oh, my dear brother, learn to know Christ and him crucified. Learn to sing a new song; to despair of previous work, and to cry to him, Lord Jesus, Thou art my righteousness, and I am Thy sin. Thou hast taken on Thee what was mine, and given to me what is Thine. What I was, Thou becamest, that I might be what I was not. Christ dwells only with sinners. Meditate often on this love of Christ, and you will taste its sweetness.”

Yes, pardon, peace, life, are all of them gifts, divine gifts, brought down from heaven by the Son of God, presented personally to each needy sinner by the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. They are not to be bought, but received; as men receive the sunshine, complete and sure and free. They are not to be earned or deserved by exertions or sufferings, or prayers or tears; but accepted at once as the purchase of the labours and sufferings of the great Substitute. They are not to be waited for, but taken on the spot without hesitation or distrust, as men take the loving gift of a generous friend. They are not to be claimed on the ground of fitness or goodness, but of need and unworthiness, of poverty and emptiness.

Chapter 2: What Is My Hope?

“I hope by this time to have been at the top,” said an old man, who had set out one pleasant autumn morning to climb the hill behind his dwelling. But he had mistaken the way, and was farther from the top than when he set out. He returned weary and disappointed. Like those of whom Job speaks, “he was confounded, because he had hoped.” (Job 6:20)

“I hoped by this time to have been happy,” said a young man, as he sat at the helm of his splendid yacht, and steered her along in the sunshine. But with all his gold, and the pleasure which gold buys, he was duller and sadder than he was ten years before, when he set out to “enjoy life.” He had mistaken the way, and his soul was emptier than ever. He sighed and looked round upon the blue waves in vain; they could not help him. “He was confounded because he had hoped.” He had mistaken the way. Year after year had passed, and he had been going farther and farther from happiness. God was not in all his thoughts.

“I hoped by this time to have had peace with God,” said a man of sixty, one Sabbath morning as he walked to the house of God. But he seemed as one who was farther off than ever from peace; and the thought of advancing years, without any settlement for eternity, made him sad. He had mistaken the way. He had laboured, and prayed, and fasted, and done many good works; he had done all but the one thing — he had not taken Christ. He had not counted all things but loss for Christ; he had not rested his soul on the one resting-place. His life had been a life of doing, but not of believing; of doubting, not of trusting; and “he was confounded because he had hoped!” He might have had Christ many years ago, but he preferred his own plan, and continued his laborious efforts to recommend himself to God by his devotions and doings. The peace he had been working for had not come; and the peace for which the Son of God had wrought, and which he had finished for the sinner, he had not accepted.

It is one thing to hope, and it is another thing to hope well and truly. To hope aright is to hope according to what God has revealed concerning our future.

Much has been written of “the pleasures of hope”; and much that is true and beautiful has been said of these “pleasures”; for they are many, and man clings to them even in days of darkness and despair. It is not a wrong thing to hope. God has put hope in every human breast; and the Book of God dwells much upon it, and upon “the things hoped for.” It is “good that a man should hope,” said the prophet. “Hope on, hope ever,” are the expressive words of a motto which has cheered many. Hope is “the anchor of the soul,” and is frequently in pictures, and devices, and emblems thus set forth — an anchor firmly fixed on the solid shore, and holding fast a vessel beaten by wind and wave.

But, in order to be the anchor of the soul, hope must be something surer and better than what man usually calls by that name. For man’s hopes are often but his own wishes and fancies; and even when they go beyond these, and occupy themselves with what is really true and lawful, they are not to be trusted, and they endure but for a season. They disappoint, but do not fill. They cheat and mock him who trusts them. They abide not, but depart, leaving behind them only a void and aching heart. They fall to pieces of themselves, even when no hand touches them, and no storm crushes them. They are not to be trusted for a day. “Vanity of vanities, saith the Preacher; all is vanity.” (Eccl. 1:2)

One August evening, just before sunset, we saw a rainbow suddenly appear. It seemed to rise out of the dark clouds that hung in the sky, and drew our eyes by its completeness; for nothing seemed wanting, either in colour or in position, to its perfection. But if it was one of the brightest, it was also one of the briefest we had ever seen. It had scarcely taken its place on the cloud when it disappeared. That fair bow was like man’s hope, as brief as it was bright, as disappointing as it was promising. It melted off the sky, though no hand touched it, and no tempest shook it, leaving nothing behind but the cheerless cloud, which it had for a few moments brightened. “What is man?” it said. What are man’s hopes, and joys, and plans? They rise and fall; they come and go; they shine, and then return into darkness. “The things that are seen are temporal.”

We remember one peculiar day in the desert of Sinai — a day not exactly of rain, but of showers, with clear sunshine between. Over some high black rocks to the left of us thin mists hung, or rather rapidly passed across the brown precipices. On these, rainbow after rainbow formed itself in beautiful succession; six or seven of these suddenly shining out, and then disappearing, one after another — the brightest yet frailest things we had ever seen; so like what is real and abiding, yet so unreal and perishable. How like they were to the dreams and hopes of man, disappointing and cheating human hearts with unsubstantial beauty! To such dreams and hopes the poor heart clings, not in youth merely, but to old age; and by means of these vain brightnesses is drawn away from him who is brighter than all earthly brightnesses — the “brightness of Jehovah’s glory and the express image of his person; whose glory changes not; who is the same yesterday, today, and forever.”

O man, when wilt thou be wise, and fix thine eye only on that which endureth forever; on that which will fill thy heart and gladden thy soul to all eternity?

There was an old Scottish family, to whom belonged large estates, and who had lived together for many years in unbroken completeness. One evening they gathered all together, with relatives and friends — father, mother, sisters, cousins, with the heir of the estate as the centre of the happy circle. That evening was among the last of the completeness. Within a few years all was changed, and each member of that circle, that had sat in gladness round the family hearth, was gathered into the family vault. The estate passed into other hands, and the old trees waved over other heads. The hopes that shone in each face that evening were speedily crushed, and the frailty of earth’s fairest faces and fondest affections was sadly shown. We never look upon that old family mansion without calling to mind some text that tells of the vanity of human expectations. In a dying world like this, we need a sure and undying hope.

It is written, “Thou destroyest the hope of man.” Yes, even so. Not only does man’s hope fall to pieces of itself, but God destroys it before its time. It springs up in a night, and withers in a night, because God smites it. Man cannot be trusted here with the endurance of any earthly things. They become idols, and must be broken; for “the idols he will utterly abolish.” Our cherished hopes of a bright future here — of a long life, of health, of comfort, of money, of prosperity — must be checked, else we should make earth our home and our heaven, forgetting the glory to be revealed, and the pleasures that are at God’s right hand forever. “As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten; be zealous, therefore, and repent.”

But God quenches no hope without presenting a brighter one — one that will last forever; for he does not mock the creature that he has made, nor wither up his fairest flowers without a reason, and that reason fraught both with wisdom and with love. He cares for us. He yearns over us. He would fain make us happy. He loves us too well to cheat us with dreams.

Man’s hope must be destroyed, that God’s hope may be built upon its ruins. The human is swept away only that the divine may come in its stead. The temporal is in mercy wrested from our grasp, that the eternal may be our portion and inheritance.

There is, then, that which God calls “the better hope” — a hope full of immortality; a hope which God himself gives, and of which no man can rob us. It is divine and everlasting. It brings with it the peace which passeth all understanding; and it contains in it the joy unspeakable and full of glory. No disappointment in it, and no mockery! It is sure and glorious, like him from whom it comes to us. It is connected with a crown, with an inheritance, with a kingdom, with a glory which fadeth not away, with an eternity of joy such as eye hath not seen, nor ear heard.

The hope which God sets before us is no doubtful thing, but sure and glorious. It rests upon his gospel, in believing which we become men of hope.

For nothing save a believed gospel can give us aught of hope — at least of that which God calls by that name. A believed gospel brings us peace; and, with the peace, it brings us hope. The peace is sure and steadfast; so also is the hope it brings.

This gospel is the good news concerning him who died and was buried and rose again. The thirty-three years between his cradle and his cross embrace the whole compass of the good news. The story of his birth, and life, and death, contains all we need to know for peace. Into the soul of him who receives that divine story this peace enters, and there it makes its abode — peace in believing, peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ. “To him that worketh not, but believeth” (Rom. 4:5), this peace belongs; and he who has the peace has the hope — a hope that maketh not ashamed.

Blessed union of peace and hope! We cannot have the hope without the peace, and we cannot have the peace without the hope (Rom. 5:1–2). The belief of the good news makes us partakers of both.

Herein is love! For thus we see God providing not only for our present, but for our future, setting before our eyes a crown and kingdom, and meanwhile giving us peace with himself here on earth until that kingdom come. Herein is love! For thus we see God in his pity drying up our earthly wells, and at the same time opening for us the wells of salvation — “the fountain of the water of life.”

Lift up thine eyes, O man, and look unto that future which lies before you! What is it to be? Dark or bright? Your life is but a vapour. Will you not make sure of the life everlasting? It is within your reach. It is pressed upon your acceptance by him who came to give hope to the hopeless, life to the dead, peace to the troubled, rest to the weary. That which he did in dying on the cross is that which you have to rest upon for eternity. It is a sure resting-place. You need no other. He that believeth entereth into rest!

Yes, and he that believeth enters into a new life, and begins a holy walk — a life and a walk corresponding to the faith which realises both the grace of the Cross and the glory of the kingdom. “If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature”; and that same Holy Spirit who drew him to the Cross, is given him that he may follow Christ, and be holy as he was holy.

Chapter 3: Instead of Me

Many years ago, I was walking with a I friend along the pleasant banks of a Scottish river, in one of the early months of summer, when the trees had just begun to show their fresh verdure and to offer us a shade from the sun. A man in rags came up to us begging. We supplied his wants somewhat, and entered into talk with him. He could not write nor read. He knew nothing of his Bible, and seemed not to care about knowing it.

“You need to be saved, do you not?”

“Oh yes; I suppose I do,” he said.

“But do you know the way of being saved?” we asked.

“I dare say I do,” was the reply.

“How, then, do you expect this?”

“I have not been a very bad man; and am doing as many good works as I can.”

“But are your good works good enough to take you to heaven?”

“I think so; and I am doing my best.”

“Do you not know any good works better than your own?”

“I know about the good works of the saints; but how am I to get them?”

“Do you know of no good works better than those of the saints?”

“I don’t think there can be any better.”

“Are not the works of the Lord Jesus Christ better than the works of the saints?”

“Of course they are; but of what use are they to me?”

“They may be of great use to us, if we believe what God has told us about them.”

“How is that?”

“If God is willing to take these works of Christ instead of yours, would not that do?”

“Yes, that it would. But will he?”

“Yes, he will. For this is just what he has told us; he is willing to take all that Christ has done and suffered instead of what you could do or suffer; and to give you what Christ has deserved instead of what you have deserved.”

“Is that really the case? Is God willing to put Christ instead of me?”

“Yes, he certainly is.”

“But have I no good works to do myself?”

“Plenty; but not to buy pardon with them. You are to take what Christ did as the price to be paid for your pardon; and then, having thus got a free pardon, you will work for him who pardons you, out of love for his love to you.”

“But how can I get this?”

“By believing the gospel, or good news which tell you about the Lord Jesus Christ: how he lived; how he died; how he was buried; how he rose again — all for sinful men: as the Bible says, ‘Through this Man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins; and by him all that believe are justified from all things.’”

The beggar stood and wondered. The thought that another’s works would do instead of his own, and that he might get all that this other’s works deserved, seemed to strike him.

We never met again. But the Word seemed to tell upon him; he seemed to take it with him as something which he had never heard before — something which seemed almost too good news to be true.

I have more than once spoken of this since, in illustrating the gospel, and it seemed to tell. The man’s wonder that another’s works should do instead of his own was in itself an insight into the effects produced by the gospel of Christ. “Christ for us,” is the message which we bring; Christ “bearing our sins in his own body on the tree”; Christ doing what we should have done, bearing what we should have borne; Christ nailed to our cross, dying our death, paying our debt — all this to bring us to God, and to make everlasting life ours; this is the sure word of the gospel, which whosoever believeth is saved, and shall never come into condemnation.

There are few who do not know what that word “substitute” means when used concerning common things; but it is well that we should see how the right knowledge of this word is the key to the right understanding of the gospel. “Christ for us,” or Christ our Substitute, is the gospel or glad tidings of great joy which apostles preached, and which we can tell, even in these later days, to the sons of men as their true hope. The good news which we bring is not of what we are commanded to do in order that God may be reconciled to us, but of what the Son of God has done instead of us. He took our place here, on earth, that we might obtain his place in heaven. As the Perfect One, in life and in death, as the Doer and the Sufferer, he is presented to us that we may get the complete benefit of that perfection so soon as we receive his gospel. All our imperfection, however great, is lost in the completeness of his perfection, so that God sees us not as we are, but as he is. All that we are, and have done, and have been is lost sight of in what he is, and has done, and has been. “He who knew no sin was made sin for us, that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.” (2 Cor. 5:21)

It is this sin-bearing completeness of the Son of God, as the Substitute, that the sinner rests upon. It is on this that we take our stand in our dealings with God. We need a sin-bearer; and God has given us One who is altogether perfect and divine. “The chastisement of our peace was upon him, and with his stripes we are healed.” (Isa. 53:5) “He, his own Self, bare our sins in his own body on the tree.” (1 Pet. 2:24)

We once dealt with a young man as to this. He sat, with his Bible before him, pondering the way of life, and asking, What must I do to be saved? He was in darkness, and saw no light. He was a sinner — how was he to be saved? He was guilty — how was he to be forgiven?

“Not by works of righteousness which we have done.”

“No, certainly; but how then?”

“By Christ doing the whole.”

“But is this possible? Can I be saved by another doing the whole for me?”

“It is not only possible, but it is certain. This is the way; the only way. It is God’s one way of saving the sinner.”

“And have I nothing to do?”

“Nothing in order to be saved.”

“But tell me how this is to be.”

“Let us come back to the truth about the Substitute. You know what that is?”

“I do. But how does this bear upon my case?”

“Christ offers himself to you as your Substitute; to do what you should have done, to suffer what you should have suffered, to pay what you should have paid.”

“Do you mean that Christ has actually paid my debt, and that this is what I am to believe in order to be saved?”

“No, your debt is not paid till you believe: then it is paid — paid once for all, once and forever; but not till then.”

“How, then, is the work of Christ, as the Substitute, good news to me?”

“There is enough of money lodged in the bank to pay all your debts twice over; and you have only to apply for it. Hand in your cheque, and you will get the money at once.”

“I see; I see. It is ‘believing’ that brings me into actual possession of all the fruits of the sin-bearing work upon the cross.”

“Yes, just so. Or, let me put it in another way. Christ died for our sins. He is the Substitute. He is presented to you as such. Are you willing to take him as such, that He may pay all your debts and forgive all your sins?”

“Yes, but let me see this more fully; for it seems too simple.”

“Well, put it thus: God has provided a Substitute for the guilty, who, eighteen hundred years ago, suffered for sins, the Just for the unjust. The Father presents that complete Substitute to you, and asks your consent to the exchange. The Son presents himself to you, offering to be your Substitute. The Holy Spirit presents him to you as a Substitute. Do you consent? The Father is willing, the Son is willing, the Spirit is willing. Are you willing? Do you give your consent?”

“Is that it?” said he.

“It is. Your consenting to take Christ as your Substitute is faith.”

“Is that it?” said he again. And the light broke upon him. “Christ our Substitute was the dawning of the day.”

Thus it is that the sinner’s chain is broken, and he is set free to serve God. First liberty, then service; the service of men set free from condemnation and from bondage. It is in accepting the divine Substitute that the sinner is set free to serve the living God. The liberty flowing from forgiveness, thus received, is the true beginning of a holy life.

If, then, I am to live a holy life, I must begin with the Substitute. I must deal with him for pardon and deliverance. Thus being by him “delivered out of the hands of our enemies, we serve God without fear, in holiness and righteousness all the days of our life.”

If I am to serve God, and if I am to possess anything of “true religion,” I must begin with the Substitute. For religion begins with pardon; and without pardon religion is a poor and irksome profession. “There is forgiveness with Thee that Thou mayest be feared.” This is the divine watchword. Not first the fear of God, and then forgiveness; but first forgiveness, and then the fear of God.

Chapter 4: The “Long Time”

It is the Lord Jesus himself who has given us these words in one of his parables. He says: “After a long time the Lord of those servants cometh, and reckoneth with them.” (Matt. 25:19) Thus, while in one place he speaks of “the little while,” in another he speaks of “the long time.” Little, yet great; short, yet long; both are true; and it is this double expression that makes up the full character of man’s condition here, as preparing for the great day of the Lord. From the day when the Master left the earth and went up to the Father, to the day when he shall come again in his glory to sit on the awful throne before which all nations shall be gathered, is, in one sense, a long time, as, men reckon years and ages. But in another sense, it is but a little while, if we reckon time as God reckons it, and compare it with the vast eternity in which it is to be swallowed up.

Life is a vapour, and that is little; life is a journey, and that is long. Life is a handbreadth, and that is little; life is a period made of many days, and weeks, and months, and years, and that is long. Life is a post, and that is swift; life is a pilgrimage, and that is slow. Life is like the eagle hastening to his prey; life is a time of sojourning. Life is a weaver’s shuttle; life is fourscore years, and once it was well-nigh a thousand.

For some purposes a day is a short time, while for others it is a long time. In some circumstances a year is a short time, while in others it is a very long time. Much depends upon what is to be done in that period, and our ideas of long and short, in such cases, are influenced by the amount of work to be done. “It seemed an age,” said a traveller among the Alps, who lay bruised by a fall into a deep cleft of ice, “ere my guides returned from the village, bringing the ropes to pull me up.” Yet it was only two hours. But he had measured the time, not by moments or minutes, but by his sufferings and his danger.

Of an old German peasant the following story is told by a lady who visited him. He had a little garden in which were a few apple trees which were covered with fruit. He amused himself daily with walking through his garden and picking up the apples which dropped. The lady met him one day when he was thus engaged.

“Don’t you weary, my friend,” said she, “stooping so often?”

“No, no,” said he, smiling, and offering a handful of ripe fruit.

“I don’t weary,” he added: “I’m just waiting, waiting. I think I’m getting ripe now, and I must soon be dropping; and then the Lord will pick me up. Oh,” said he, speaking earnestly to the lady, “you are young yet — just in blossom; turn well round to the Sun of Righteousness, that you may ripen well.”

Here was the “long time” of growing and of ripening; not long in one sense, but long in another; long enough to grow and grow; long enough to ripen and ripen. It is of a “long time” like this that the Lord speaks to us in this parable of the servants.

The Italian poet, imprisoned cruelly in a dark cell, is represented as uttering these mournful words: “Long years, long years.” For so they seemed to him in his sad solitude. And in a like sense we often use the words, “all day long,” and “all night long,” and also “the whole long year”; and thus the word “long” has acquired a peculiar meaning, expressing not only the real amount of time, but the number of events that have been crowded into the space: as if the trials passed had lengthened out the time.

It is to this solemn sense of the expression, “After a long time,” that we now turn the reader’s thoughts. We wish to make him feel the responsibility which is laid upon every man by the “long time” given to us by God to prepare for the coming eternity.

God will take no one by surprise. He is too just and too pitiful to do so. He warns before he strikes; nay, he gives a thousand warnings, even during the shortest life. Each day is made up of warnings, too plain to be mistaken, too loud to be unheard. No one, in the great day of reckoning, shall be able to say, “I was not told of what was coming; I was hurried off to the judgment-seat, without notice given, or time allowed to make ready.” A pilot that runs his vessel upon the rocks at noonday, with his eyes open to see the cliffs, and his ears open to hear the breakers, is without excuse. At St. Abb’s Head, on the east coast of Scotland, many a vessel in former years was shipwrecked when the strong east wind of the German Ocean drove it upon the treacherous lee shore. Some years ago a lighthouse was built, and a curious “fog-horn” set up, which in mist, whether by day or night, makes its warning voice to be heard for miles around. No pilot now, who wrecks his vessel on these terrible rocks, can say, “I got no warning that they were so near”; for in the clear night the beacon-light shines out to tell him of danger, and in the thick grey mist the “fog-horn” sounds out its hoarse note to say, “Beware!” Thus the light and the voice from heaven are perpetually warning the sons of men, and saying, “Prepare to meet thy God.” The warnings of one day or one week, how many! The warnings of a year, how many more! The warnings of a lifetime, how innumerable! No man shall be able to say that he perished unwarned, or that God took him by surprise. The “foghorn” pealing through the haze sounds dismally, and seems like the voice of one crying in the wilderness, “Flee from the wrath to come”; “Repent, repent”; “Turn ye, turn ye; for why will ye die?” And thus it is that God is each day calling aloud to us, and pointing us from the rocks to the haven of safety in Jesus Christ our Lord — the one haven which no storm can reach.

God gives us time enough to turn and live. When a teacher sets a task of a few pages to his scholar, and says, “I give you a week to do it in,” he allows him a “long time,” for the task is one which might be done in an hour. So, when God says, “Seek ye Me, and ye shall live” (Amos 5:4), or “Acquaint thyself now with God, and be at peace” (Job 22:21), and gives us a lifetime for this, he is giving us “a long time.” We delay, and linger, and loiter; so that year after year passes by, and we are no nearer God than at first. But our delays do not change the long time. We make it a short one by our folly; but it was really long for the thing that was to be done — the single step that was to bring us to Christ and place us beneath the shadow of his cross. For that there was time enough, even in the shortest life; so that no one can say at last, “I had no time given me to prepare for eternity, and I was hurried to the grave without time to seek the Lord.” “I gave her space to repent” (Rev. 2:21), are the warning words addressed to the sinners of Thyatira; and he speaks the same words to us. Space to repent is the message still! Repent is the burden of exhortation, and this he follows up with, “I give you space to repent!”

This “long time” is a time of long-suffering. “Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of the Lord; that the Lord is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.” (James 5:11) He spares to the uttermost; he yearns over the sinner; he beseeches him, with all the earnestness and sincerity of God, to be reconciled to himself. He bears refusals, insults, and provocation, hatred, and scorn, and coldness — not smiting the rejector of his love, nor taking vengeance on his enemies. He is “not easily provoked,” but “beareth all things, endureth all things” (1 Cor. 13:7): “not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.” (2 Pet. 3:9) He renews each day his offer of pardon, with a long-suffering that seems to know no limit, and with a profound sincerity that is fitted to win the most obdurate and suspicious of the sons of men. “Account that the long-suffering of the Lord is salvation”; for to nothing less than salvation does this long-suffering point! “Why will ye die?” is the urgent question of God to the heedless sinner. Have I not given you time enough to seek and find eternal life? Am I not in earnest in beseeching you to be reconciled to Myself?

This long time is man’s opportunity. Is pardon to be found? Now is the time! Is eternal life to be obtained? Now is the time! Is heaven to be won? Now is the time! Is the strait gate to be entered and the narrow way to be pursued? Now is the time! Is the immortal soul to be saved, a crown to be received, and a kingdom to be possessed? Now is the time! Is the chain to be broken, the prison to be fled from, the darkness to be exchanged for light, and the everlasting woe to be shunned? Now is the time! This is thy opportunity, O man! Seize it, and use it, ere it pass away forever! There is danger all around; hell is laying its snares; the storm is gathering; but still there is time. All heaven is shining yonder, full in view; the door is as wide open as the love of God can throw it; the Son of God entreats you; angels beckon you in; the earthly ambassadors beseech you; now is your opportunity — will you let it slip? Is it such a trifle to lose heaven, to lose your soul, to lose eternal gladness? O man, delay not!

This long time will end at last. The Master will return, and call his servants to account for the way in which they have spent the time, and used the gifts. The acceptable year of the Lord will end in the day of vengeance: and that vengeance will be real, for it is the vengeance of God. The “long time” allowed us here, to prepare for the great reckoning, will be nothing to the far longer time of the unending eternity — an eternity of ever deepening darkness, or ever brightening glory.

All this makes us speak more earnestly, knowing how quickly the “long time” is passing away. Time is closing, life is ending, the Judge is coming; the long time will melt into the “little while”; the “little while” will vanish away, and the everlasting ages will begin. Prepare to meet thy God. Lately, when making alterations in an English church, an old pulpit was found, that had been hidden for long years. It was beautifully carved, and round its upper part these words were cut in the wood, still distinctly legible — “Lift up thy voice like a trumpet, cry aloud.” It is this that we are now doing, that every one to whom this may come may know the danger which lies in front of him, if he be still unreconciled to God.

There is reconciliation! This is our message, as we stand beneath the cross, and speak to a dying world. There is reconciliation through the blood of the sacrifice! There is peace at the altar where God is standing to receive the sinner. The Son of God has done the mighty work on which reconciliation rests, and by means of which the eternal friendship of God is offered to the oldest and most stubborn of earth’s rebels. That word supersedes all others. It is enough! Do not attempt to add to it, or to take from it. Take it for what it is; take it for what God declares it to be, and enter into the purchased peace. It is a righteous peace, built upon the finished work of the Substitute. It tells of that God who “justifies the ungodly,” and it tells of that peace-offering by means of which it has become a righteous thing that the ungodly should be justified. It says to each rebel — All this peace, this friendship, this pardon becomes the certain and present property of every one who relinquishes his own standing by nature before God in himself, and consents to stand before him on the footing of another’s work, another’s sufferings — the work and the sufferings of the Word made flesh; of him who, though he was rich, yet for our sakes became poor, that we through his poverty might be rich. (2 Cor. 7:9)

Chapter 5: I Can’t Let Go

The vessel was pretty high out of the water, and there was no ladder, either of rope or iron, at his side for the poor lad to descend by, so as to reach the boat which lay below.

The lad looked over and saw his position. There was the boat, and here was the slowly sinking vessel. He heard shouts to him from below; he saw some five or six stout men waiting to catch him; but he could not make up his mind to quit his hold.

He saw the swell of the sea, as it heaved the boat up and down; he observed, too, the distance between himself and his deliverers below; and his heart failed him. What if he should miss the boat, and drop into the sea, instead of the stretched-out arms underneath? He clung to the rope with all his might, and made as though he would go back into the vessel. But the shouts came up again, “Let go the rope!” He dared not go back, and he was afraid to let himself drop. So he clung to the rope as if it were his only safety. Again the shouts were heard, “Let go!” His answer was, “I can’t let go.”

At last, as the danger increased, the loud but kindly voices from below overcame his fear and distrust. He did “let go”; and without an effort dropped into the strong arms which were waiting to receive him. He was safe; and as he realised his safety, he could not help smiling at his own folly in refusing to let go, and in saying, as his reason for not letting go, that he could not.

“I can’t believe in Christ,” is the complaint we often hear from the inquiring. What does it mean? Are those who make it in earnest? Have they considered what they say? Are they not exactly like the poor lad hanging over the steamer’s side and crying “I can’t let go?” If he had had confidence in the boat below and in the men below, would he have remained in this strange position and uttering this strange cry? Had he not more confidence in the rope to which he clung than in the boat which lay ready to receive him? He saw there was danger, or he would not have grasped the rope; but he had the feeling that there was less danger in clinging to the rope than in dropping into the boat. So he continued to cling with all his might to that which could not save. If his safety had depended upon his grasping it, the cry, “I can’t hold any longer, my strength is gone,” would have been most natural and intelligible; but, when his safety depended upon his ceasing to cling to that which could not save, and simply drop into that which could save, the cry was foolish and untrue.

So is it with the complaint of the anxious to which we have referred. They do not see the open door of the ark, the stretched-out arms of the Deliverer. It is that Deliverer who cries to them, “Let go; I am waiting with open arms to receive you.” But they seem to think that he is commanding them to do some great thing, to put forth some prodigious exertion of their own strength; and so they reply to all his messages of grace, “I can’t, I can’t!” He sees them clinging to self with all their might; and he says, “Let go, let go”; but they reply, “We can’t!” Is not this folly? Is it not a rejection of his finished work?

Suppose, when Jesus called to Zaccheus to come down from his sycamore, the publican had replied, “I can’t!” what would he have meant? Had the Lord bidden him climb the tree, he might have said, perhaps, “I can’t!” but when Christ says “Come down!” the excuse would have been absurd.

Suppose when the father, in receiving back the prodigal, had said, “Go into the house, and get the best robe and put it on and come to me,” there might have been some meaning in the son’s saying, “I can’t!” But when the father says to the servants, “Bring forth the best robe and put it on him,” such an excuse would have been absurd, and would only have betrayed the son’s unwillingness to receive the robe at all. For the father leaves nothing for the son to do; all he desires is that he should receive: and it is as if he had said, “Allow me to clothe you; allow me to put the best robe upon you.” He undertakes for everything; for the putting on the robe as well as for the robe itself.

That which many call the difficulty of believing is the essence of self-righteousness. Yes, it is this that lies at the root of, or rather is the root of, this difficulty. Men cling to self, as the lad clung to the rope; they will not let it go; and they cry all the while that they can’t.

I admit the difficulty. It is a root of bitterness. But it is far deeper than many think. It is far worse and more serious than those who speak of it will admit. It is man’s determined self-righteousness that really constitutes the difficulty. He is unwilling to let this go; and he says “I can’t!” to cover over the guilt of the “I won’t!” Deep down in man’s depraved being lies this awful evil, which only God can remove, this determination not to give up self. He deceives himself sadly in this matter, in order to cover his guilt and to cast the blame of his unbelief on God. He holds that he has some great thing to do: though God has declared a hundred times over that the great thing is done! He wants to do the great thing, and to get the credit of doing it; and because God has declared that the great thing is done, “once for all,” never to be done again, he retires into himself, and tries to get up another great thing within himself, by the right doing of which he will please God and satisfy his own conscience. Acceptance of the great thing done is what God presses on him as altogether and absolutely sufficient for his salvation and his peace. But this he shrinks from. He thinks he must wait, and work, and struggle, and weep before he is in a fit state for accepting; and therefore it is that he replies to all the messages from the “ambassadors of peace,” “I can’t.” He won’t do that which God wishes him to do; he substitutes something else of his own, some process of preparation for acceptance: and because he finds he makes no progress in this work of “voluntary humility,” he says, “I can’t!”

God brings him face to face with the cross, saying, “Look and live!” But he thinks this too simple, and he turns away seeking for something to do! God sets the fountain before him, and says, “Wash.” He says, “I cannot,” and turns away to something else. God brings him the best robe, the righteousness of the Righteous One, and offers to put it on. But this is too simple. It leaves nothing for him to do — nothing but to be clothed by another’s hand in another’s raiment. And so, in pretended humility, he postpones the acceptance of the robe, under the plea that he cannot put it on! God brings him face to face with his free love, and says, “Take this and be at rest.” But as this still takes for granted that the great thing is done, in virtue of which this free love is to flow into the sinner, and that God now wants him simply to recognise this great work and its completeness, in order to his acceptance, he hesitates or turns wholly from the divine proposal, refusing to let the love flow in, just because it is so absolutely free! He resembles the Syrian general whom Elisha told to wash in Jordan that his leprosy might be healed. “Naaman was wroth, and went away, and said, Behold, I thought he will surely come out to me, and stand, and call on the name of the Lord his God, and strike his hand over the place, and recover the leper. Are not Abana and Pharpar, rivers of Damascus, better than all the waters of Israel? may I not wash in them, and be clean? So he turned and went away in a rage.” (2 Kings 5:11–12) And may we not address him in the words of the servants on that occasion: “If the prophet had bid thee do some great thing, wouldest thou not have done it? how much rather then, when he saith to thee, Wash, and be clean?” (2 Kings 5:13)

The simplicity of the gospel, however, does not lessen man’s depravity, nor supersede the necessity for the power of the Holy Ghost. It is in reference to this free gospel that man’s “evil heart of unbelief” has always exhibited itself most strongly. The gospel is simple, faith is simple, the Word is simple, the way is simple, the cross is simple; but man’s heart is wholly set against these. He resists and refuses. He prefers some way of his own, and he casts the blame of his own evil upon God.

Hence the need for the Holy Spirit, by whose hand the Almighty works upon the human soul in ways so unseen and simple that, when the man has at length believed, he wonders how he could so long have stood aloof and resisted such a gospel. To disarm the enmity, to remove the hardness, to open the eye, and to renew the will, the Spirit operates. “The wind bloweth where it listeth, and” we cannot “tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.”

It is man’s deep depravity and total alienation from God that makes the power of the Almighty Spirit indispensable for his renewal. But it is of great importance that he should not be allowed to make use of that depravity as an excuse for not returning to God, or to abuse the doctrine of the Spirit’s work by making it a reason for cleaving to self, and refusing to believe the gospel; as if he were more willing to be wrought upon than the Spirit is to work, or as if he wanted to believe, but the Spirit would not help him.

It was man’s guilt that rendered the cross necessary; for if that guilt remained unremoved, all else would be vain. To be under condemnation would be to be shut out of the kingdom forever. To have the Judge of all against him in the great day would be certain doom. The cross has come to lift that guilt from us, and to lay it upon another; upon him who is able to bear it all; upon him who is mighty to save. That which should have come upon the sinner has come upon him, that the sinner might go free. The Judge is satisfied with the work done on Calvary, and asks no more: and when the sinner is brought by the Holy Spirit to be satisfied with that which has satisfied the Judge, the chains that bound the burden to his shoulders snap, and the burden falls, to disappear forever — buried in the grave of the Substitute, from which it cannot rise.

Chapter 6: Whither? Whither?

In the beginning of last century, an old American Christian died, leaving on his death-bed this message to his son: “Remember that there is a long eternity.”

But this was not all. He laid upon his family the dying command, that the same message should be handed down to the next generation, and from that to the next again, as long as any of his posterity remained. The command was obeyed. One generation after another received the solemn message, “Remember there is a long eternity.” And the words, we are told, bore fruit in the conversion of children, and grandchildren, and great-grandchildren.

It is of this long eternity that God so often speaks to us in his book, with the words “everlasting,” “without end,” “forever and forever.” It is of this long eternity that each death-bed speaks to us — each shroud, each coffin, each grave. It is of this long eternity that each closing and opening year speaks to us, pointing forward to the endless years which lie beyond the brief days of time — brief days, which are hurrying us without slackening to the life or to the death which must be the issue of all things on earth. Of that eternity we may say that its years shall be as many as the leaves of the forest, or as the sands of the seashore, or as the drops of the ocean, or as the stars of heaven, or as the blades of grass, or as the sparkles of dew, all multiplied together. And who can reckon up these numbers, or conceive the prodigious sum — millions upon millions of ages.

A traveller, some years ago, tells that in the room of a hotel where he lodged there was hung a large printed sheet, with these solemn words:

Know these things, O Man —
A God, a Moment, an Eternity.

Surely it would be our wisdom to think on words like these — so brief, yet so full of meaning.

Richard Baxter mentions the case of a minister of his day, the whole tone of whose life-preaching was affected by the words which he heard when visiting a dying woman, who “often and vehemently,” he says, “did cry out” on her deathbed, “Oh, call time back again, call time back again!” But the calling of time back again is as hopeless as the shortening of eternity. “This inch of hasty time,” as that noble preacher calls it, cannot be lengthened out; and if not improved or redeemed, is lost forever. While God lives, the soul must live; for “in him we live, and move, and have our being.”

Our internal future is no dream nor fable. It will be as real as our past has been — nay, more so. Unbelief may try to persuade us that it is a shadow or a fancy. But it is not. It is infinitely and unutterably real; and the ages before us, as they come and go, will bring with them realities in comparison with which all past realities will be as nothing. All things pertaining to us are becoming every day more real; and this increase of reality shall go on through the ages to come.

Whither? Whither? This is no idle question; and it is one to which every son of man ought to seek an immediate answer. Man was made that he might look into the long future; and this question is one which he ought to know how to put, and how to answer. If he does not there must be something sadly wrong about him. For God has not denied him the means of replying to it aright.

Whither? Whither? Child of mortality, dost thou not know? Dost thou not care to know? Is it no concern of thine to discover what thy existence is to be, and where thou art to spend eternity? Thy all is wrapped up in it; and dost thou not care?

Whither? Whither? Dost thou hate the question? Does it disturb thy repose, and mar thy pleasures? Does it fret thy conscience, and cast a shadow over life? Yet, whether thou hatest or lovest it, thou must one day be brought face to face with it. Thou shall one day put it, and answer it. Perhaps, when thou art putting it and trying to answer it, the Judge may come, and the last trumpet sound. “And while they went to buy, the Bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut.” (Matt. 25:10)

Whither? Whither? Ask the falling leaf. It says, “I know not.” Ask the restless wind. It says, “I know not.” Ask the foam upon the wave. It says, “I know not.” But man is none of these. He is bound to look into his prospects, and to ascertain whither he is going. He is not a leaf, or a cloud, or a breeze, not knowing whence they come, and whither they go. He knows that there is a future of some kind before him, and that into that future he must ere long enter. What is it to be to him? That is the question?

Whither? Whither? Go to yon harbour, where some score of vessels are lying, just preparing to start. Go up to the captain and ask, Whither bound? Will he answer, “I know not”? Go to yon railway station and ask the guard of the train just moving off, Whither bound? Will he say, “I know not”? No, these men have more wisdom than to go whither they know not, or to set out on a journey without concerning themselves about its end. Shall the children of time be able to answer such questions as to their route and destination, and shall a child of eternity go on in the dark, heedless of the shadows into which he is passing, and resting his immortality upon a mere perchance?

But can I get an answer to this question here? Can I secure my eternity while here on earth? And can I so know that I have secured it that I shall be able to say, “I am on my way to the kingdom: let this present life be long or short, the eternal life is mine?”

The gospel which God has given us is that by which we are enabled to answer the question, “whither? whither?” for it shows us the way to the kingdom — a way not far off, but near; a way not inaccessible, but most accessible; a way not costly, but free; a way not for the good, but for the evil; a way not hidden, but plain and clear. “The wayfaring man, though a fool, shall not err therein.” He whom the Father has sent to be “the Saviour of the world” says, “I am the way.”

The knowledge of that way is everything to us: for he who knows it, knows whither he is going; and he who knows it not, knows not whither he is going. The right and sure answer to the question, “Whither?” depends entirely on our true knowledge of the way. For the world is dark, and can tell us nothing of the way; nor can it in the least enable us to answer the awful question, “Whither am I going, with all these sins of mine, and with a judgment day in prospect, and with the certainty that I must give an account of the deeds done in the body?”

In order, then, to get the answer to the question, we must come at once to the “good news” — the glad tidings which God has sent to us concerning him who “died for our sins, according to the Scriptures”; “who was buried and rose again.” It is the belief of this good news that connects us with him; and in so doing, enables us to answer the question, “Whither am I going?” For if we are connected with, then assuredly we are going where he has gone before us. By the belief of the gospel we are brought into possession of that everlasting life which he has secured for sinners by his death upon the cross, as the propitiation for sin.

We knew one who, filled with dread of the unknown future, sought for years to get an answer to the question as to his own eternal prospects. He laboured, and prayed, and strove, expecting that God would have pity upon his earnest efforts, and give him what he sought. At the end of many long, weary years, he came to see, that what he had been thus labouring to do, in order to win God’s favour, another had already done, and done far better than he could ever do. He saw that what he had been labouring for years to persuade God to give him, might have been had, at the very outset, simply by believing the good news that there was no need for all this long waiting, and working, and praying; and that now, at last, by receiving the divine testimony to the person and work of the Only-begotten of the Father, he could count with certainty upon the favour of God to himself, as one who had believed the record which God had given of his Son. (1 John 5:10–12) Thus believing “he entered into rest” — the present rest of soul which is the result of a believed gospel, and the earnest of the future rest which remaineth for the people of God.

To say to any sinner that he must answer that momentous question, “Whither?” and yet not to tell him the divine provision made for his answering it, would be only to mock him. But to call on him for an answer, while making known to him the grace of Christ and the open way to God, is to gladden his soul, by showing how he may at once find the means of answering it, without working, or waiting, or qualifying himself for securing the favour of God.

To the troubled spirit, we hold forth the free and immediate pardon which the gospel places in our hands — pardon which no prayers or exertions of ours can make more free, or more near; a pardon flowing directly from the finished propitiation of the cross; a pardon for the ungodly and the unworthy; a pardon which, while it glorifies him who pardons, brings immediate liberty and deliverance to the pardoned one. “Through this Man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins; and by him all that believe are justified.” (Acts 13:38–39) If justified, then we know our future as well as our present; for “whom he justifies, them he also glorifies.” (Rom. 8:30)

“It is all dark,” said a dying young man who had trifled with the great question throughout life. “I’m awfully afraid,” was the language of another in similar circumstances. “I have provided for everything but death,” said an old general, as he was passing away. “No mercy for me,” was the death-bed cry of one who in early life had promised well, but had gone utterly back. “I’m dying,” said another, “and I don’t know where I’m going.” Such death-beds are sorrowful indeed. Darkness overshadows them. No ray of hope brightens the gloom.

But he who has accepted the great salvation is lifted above these fears and uncertainties. The light of the cross shines down upon him, and he looks into the vast future without alarm. “I know whom I have believed,” he says; “and knowing him, I know where I am going. I am going to spend an eternity with him whom, not having seen, I love. I am going to the city which hath foundations; and though worms may destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God.” The question “Whither?” has no terrors to him. He knows that all is well. Eternity is to him a word of joy. He has believed; and he is sure that his faith will not be put to shame. The simple word of the Son of God, “He that believeth is not condemned,” suffices for him to rest upon, in life and in death.

Chapter 7: The World Passeth Away

The things that are seen are temporal. Ours is a dying world, and here we have no continuing city. But a few years — it may be less — and all things here are changed. But a few years — it may be less — and the Lord shall have come, and the last trumpet shall have sounded, and the great sentence shall have been pronounced upon each of the sons of men.

There is a world that passeth not away. It is fair and glorious. It is called “the inheritance in light.” It is bright with the love of God, and with the joy of heaven. “The Lamb is the light thereof.” Its gates are of pearl; they are always open. And as we tell men of this wondrous city, we tell them to enter in.

The Book of Revelation tells us the story of earth’s vanity: “A mighty angel took up a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all. And the voice of harpers and musicians, and of pipers and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee. And no craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be, shall be found any more in thee.” (Rev. 18:21–22)

Such is the day that is coming on the world, and such is the doom overhanging earth — a doom dimly foreshadowed by the sad commercial disasters that have often sent sorrow into so many hearts, and desolation into so many homes.

An old minister — now two hundred years since — lay dying. His fourscore years were well-nigh completed. He had been tossed on many a wave, from England to America, from America to England, again from England to America. At Boston he lay dying, full of faith and love. The evening before his death, as he lay all but speechless, his daughter asked him how it was with him. He lifted up his dying hands, and with his dying lips simply said, “Vanishing things, vanishing things!” We repeat his solemn words, and, pointing to the world, with all the vanities on which vain man sets his heart, say, “Vanishing things!”

“The world passeth away.” This is our message. Like a dream of the night. We lie down to rest; we fall asleep; we dream; we awake at morn; and lo, all is fled that in our dream seemed so stable and so pleasant! So hastes the world away. O child of mortality, have you no brighter world beyond?

Like the mist of the morning. The night brings down the mist upon the hills — the vapour covers the valleys; the sun rises, all has passed off — hill and vale are clear. So the world passeth off, and is seen no more. O man, will you embrace a world like this? Will you lie down upon a mist, and say, This is my home?

Like a shadow. There is nothing more unreal than a shadow. It has no substance, no being. It is dark, it is a figure, it has motion, that is all! Such is the world. O man, will you chase a shadow? What will a shadow do for you?

Like a wave of the sea. It rises, falls, and is seen no more. Such is the history of a wave. Such is the story of the world. O man, will you make a wave your portion? Have you no better pillow on which to lay your wearied head than this? A poor world this for human heart to love, for an immortal soul to be filled with!

Like a rainbow. The sun throws its colours on a cloud, and for a few minutes all is brilliant. But the cloud shifts, and the brilliance is all gone. Such is the world. With all its beauty and brightness; with all its honours and pleasures; with all its wealth and greatness; with all its mirth and madness; with all its pomp and luxury; with all its revelry and riot; with all its hopes and flatteries; with all its love and laughter; with all its songs and splendour; with all its gems and gold — it vanishes. And the cloud that knew the rainbow knows it no more. O man, is a passing world like this all that you have for an inheritance?

Like a flower. Beautiful, very beautiful; fragrant, very fragrant, are the summer flowers. But they wither away. So fades the world from before our eyes. While we are looking at it, and admiring it, behold, it is gone! No trace is left of all its loveliness but a little dust! O man, can you feed on flowers? Can you dote on that which is but for an hour? You were made for eternity; and only that which is eternal can be your portion or your resting-place. The things that perish with the using only mock your longings. They cannot fill you; and even if they filled, they cannot abide. Mortality is written on all things here; immortality belongs only to the world to come — to that new heavens and new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness.

Like a ship at sea. With all its sails set, and a fresh breeze blowing, the vessel comes into sight, passes before our eye in the distance, and then disappears. So comes, so goes, so vanishes away this present world, with all that it contains. A few hours within sight, then gone! The wide sea o’er which it sailed as calm or as stormy as before; no trace anywhere of all the life or motion or beauty which was passing over it! O man, is that vanishing world thy only dwelling-place? Are all thy treasures, thy hopes, thy joys laid up there? Where will all these be when thou goest down to the tomb? Or where wilt thou be, when these things leave thee, and thou art stripped of all the inheritance which thou art ever to have for eternity? It is a poor heritage at the best, and its short duration makes it poorer still. Oh, choose the better part, which shall not be taken from thee!

Like a tent in the desert. They who have travelled over the Arabian sands know what this means. At sunset a little speck of white seems to rise out of the barren waste. It is a traveller’s tent. At sunrise it disappears. Both it and its inhabitant are gone. The wilderness is as lonely as before. Such is the world. Today it shows itself; tomorrow it disappears. O man, born of a woman, is that thy stay and thy home? Wilt thou say of it, “This is my rest,” when we tell you that there is a rest, an everlasting rest, remaining for the people of God?

The world passeth away. This is the message from heaven. All flesh is grass, and all the goodliness thereof as the flower of the field.

The world passeth away. But God ever liveth. He is from everlasting to everlasting; the King eternal and immortal.

The world passeth away. But man is immortal. Eternity lies before each son of Adam as the duration of his lifetime. In light or in darkness forever! In joy or in sorrow forever!

The world passeth away. What then? This is the question that so deeply concerns man. If the world is to vanish away, and man is to live forever, of what importance is it to know where and what we are to be forever! A celebrated physician, trying to cheer a desponding patient, said to him, “Treat life as a plaything.” It was wretched counsel. For life is no plaything, and time is no child’s toy, to be flung away. Life here is the beginning of the life which has no end; and time is but the gateway of eternity.

What then? Thou must, O man, make sure of a home in that world into which thou art so soon to pass. Thou must not pass out of this tent without making sure of the city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God. When thou hast done this thou canst lie down upon thy deathbed in peace. Till thou hast done this, thou canst neither live nor die in peace. One who had lived a worldly life at last lay down to die; and when about to pass away he uttered these terrible words, “I am dying, and I don’t know where I am going.” Another in similar circumstances cried out, “I am within an hour of eternity, and all is dark.” O man of earth, it is time to awake!

“How can I make sure?” you ask. God has long since answered that question, and his answer is recorded for all ages: “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved.”

“Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ! I have never done anything else,” you say. If that be really true, then, as the Lord liveth, thou art a saved man. But is it really so? Has thy life been the life of a saved man? No, verily. It has been a life wholly given to vanity. Then, as the Lord God of Israel liveth, and as thy soul liveth, thou hast not believed, and thou art not yet saved.

“Have I then no work to work in this great matter of my pardon?” None. What work canst thou work? What work of thine can buy forgiveness, or make thee fit for the divine favour? What work has God bidden thee work in order to obtain salvation? None. His Word is very plain, and easy to be understood: “To him that worketh not, but believeth in him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.” (Rom. 4:5)

There is but one work by which a man can be saved; that work is not thine, but the work of the Son of God. That work is finished — neither to be taken from nor added to — perfect through all ages — and presented by himself to you, that you may avail yourself of it and be saved.

“And is that work available for me just as I am?” It is. God has brought it to your door; and your only way of honouring it is by accepting it for yourself, and taking it as the one basis of your eternal hope. We honour the Father when we consent to be saved entirely by the finished work of his Son; and we honour the Son when we consent to take his one finished work in room of all our works; and we honour the Holy Spirit, whose office is to glorify Christ, when we hear what he saith to us concerning that work finished “once for all” upon the cross.

Forgiveness through the man Christ Jesus, who is Son of God as well as Son of man! This is our message. Forgiveness through the one work of sin-bearing which he accomplished for sinners upon earth. Forgiveness to the worst and wickedest, to the farthest off from God whom this earth contains. Forgiveness of the largest, fullest, completest kind; without stint, or exception, or condition, or the possibility of revocation!

Forgiveness free and undeserved — free as the love of God, free as the gift of his beloved Son. Forgiveness ungrudged and unrestrained — whole-hearted and joyful, as the forgiveness of the father falling on the neck of the prodigal! Forgiveness simply in believing; for, “by him all that believe are justified from all things.”

Could salvation be made more free? Could forgiveness be brought nearer? Could God in any way more fully show his earnest desire that you should not be lost, but saved — that you should not die, but live?

In the cross there is salvation — nowhere else. No failure of this world’s hopes can quench the hope which it reveals. It shines brightest in the evil day. In the day of darkening prospects, of thickening sorrows, of heavy burdens, of pressing cares — when friends depart, when riches fly away, when disease oppresses us, when poverty knocks at our door — then the cross shines out, and tells us of a light beyond this world’s darkness, the Light of him who is the light of the world.

Chapter 8: What If It All Be True?

John Newton had a pious mother, who was taken from him when he was only seven years old. She taught him, when but an infant, to pray, and sowed in his young heart the seeds of his future spiritual life.

When a boy, he was led to think much of God and of eternal things; but his impressions wore off, and he entered on a course of sin. It seemed as if he had broken loose from all bonds, and delighted only in what was evil.

While in this impenitent state he was thrown from a horse, and was in great danger, but his life was preserved. Then his conscience awoke once more, and he trembled at the thought of appearing before God, sinful and unready. Under this dread he forsook his sins for a while, and gave up his profane living and speaking; but the reformation was only outward, and did not last long.

At another time, dread of God’s wrath overtook him, and he began to live, as he thought, a very religious life. He thought to make himself righteous, and so to win God’s favour. He spent much time in reading the Scriptures; he prayed; he fasted; he would hardly trust himself to speak, lest he should utter a vain or sinful word. Ignorant of God’s righteousness, he was bent on having one of his own, by which he hoped: to pacify his conscience, and get quit of his fear of coming wrath.

This state of mind lasted a year or two, and then he gave up religion altogether, and became an infidel. He now rushed into wickedness of every kind; and yet he only became more wretched. He went to sea on board a slave ship, and took part in that horrid trade. He was reduced to utter poverty — starving, and sinning, and blaspheming — his heart hard and his conscience seared. He was in very deed the prodigal son, wasting his substance with riotous living, but not yet “coming to himself,” and saying, “I will arise, and go to my father.” Once and again he was in peril of his life by sea and land. Half-intoxicated, and dancing on deck one midnight, his hat went overboard, and he was throwing himself after it when laid hold of and dragged back by his comrades. Thus he hurried on in sin, as he himself in one of his hymns describes it:

In evil long I took delight,
Unawed by shame or fear.

Finding one day a religious book on board the vessel, he took it up, and looking into it, was led to ask the question, “What if these things should be true?” The thought terrified him, and he closed the book. He went to his hammock that night as usual, having contrived to put this solemn question out of his mind. In the dark night he was awakened by the dash of waves. A storm had risen, a terrible sea had swept over the vessel, and the cabin where he lay was fast filling. The cry rose, “The ship is sinking!” All was confusion and terror. He twice made for the deck, but was met upon the ladder by the captain, who bade him bring a knife. As he was returning for the knife, a man went up in his place, and was washed away.

Thoughts of other days began to come back upon him; the remembrance of those whom he had loved affected him, and his heart seemed softening. For four weeks the vessel was tossed to and fro, he being sometimes at the helm and sometimes at the pumps, wave upon wave breaking over him. Then, in the midst of danger, day and night his cry went up, “O God, save me, or I perish”; and, “The God of the Bible forgive me for his Son’s sake”; and, “My mother’s God, the God of mercy, have mercy upon me.”

That storm was to John Newton what the earthquake was to the jailer at Philippi: it brought him to his knees. It brought his sins before him. It brought before him his eternal ruin. It brought him to the cross and blood of Christ. The hymn of which we have already quoted the first two lines goes on to tell his experience:

In evil long I took delight,
Unawed by shame or fear,
Till a new object struck my sight,
And stopped my wild career.

The “new object” which met his eye, as he stood at the helm or walked the deck, with the waves dashing over him, was the crucified Christ. The cross, and the Son of God there bearing Our sins, stood out before him in the brightness of divine love. For thus he sings:

I saw one hanging on a tree
In agonies and blood,
Who fixed his languid eyes on me,
As near his cross I stood.

As it was with Simon Peter when the Lord turned and looked upon him, so was it with John Newton. In both cases the look of love melted the sinner down:

Sure never till my latest breath
Can I forget that look;
It seemed to charge me with his death,
Though not a word he spoke.

That look of love, holy love, went through and through his conscience, making him feel his sin in all its vileness. Sin, which had hitherto been treated by him as a mere trifle, or been altogether overlooked, now presented itself in all its terrors. He was doomed; he was lost: what shall he do?

My conscience felt and owned the guilt,
And plunged me in despair;
I saw my sins his blood had spilt,
And helped to nail him there.

He is overwhelmed; he is in despair. That look of holy love has smitten him through and through. It says to him: “Thou art the man; thou didst it all; thou hast nailed Me to the tree; had it not been for thy sins, I had not been here.” But as he looks, he sees something more in that look, and hears the voice of pardon coming from the cross:

A second look he gave, which said,
I freely all forgive:
This blood is for thy ransom paid:
I die that thou may’st live.

This second look speaks of peace. He reads forgiveness in it — free forgiveness to the chief of sinners — forgiveness to “the old African blasphemer,” and his troubled conscience is pacified. “I have found a ransom,” is the message which removes his terror; and this ransom is by the blood and death of the Son of God. That ransom suffices. God looks at it and is satisfied; he says it is enough. The sinner looks at it and is satisfied; he says it is enough. The burden of guilt is unloosed, and falls from his shoulders. He is set free from guilt, from terror, from bondage. He knows the blessedness of the man whose transgression is forgiven and whose sin is covered. He has believed, and he is saved; nay, and he knows that he is saved, for he credits the heavenly record concerning him to whom he is looking:

Thus, while his death my sin displays
In all its blackest hue.
Such is the mystery of grace,
It seals my pardon too.

Forgiveness through the blood of the Lamb — forgiveness through the belief of the Holy Spirit’s testimony to the finished work of Immanuel — this is now his resting-place; and his whole life is changed, That holy pardon has made him a holy man.

And now let us come back to the first thought that struck him — “What if all this be true?” Here is a question for us, no less than for him.

If eternity be a reality, then it becomes me to prepare for it, for endless terror or endless joy can be no trifle. If I must live forever, then I must seek so to live here as to make that everlasting living a happy one. Otherwise it had been good for me that I had never been born.

If sin be a fact, then I must not trifle with it; and if God hates it utterly, then I must hate it too, and I must get quit of it. And I must get quit of it in God’s way, for no other way of deliverance will avail. That which is so awfully real and powerful as sin is, can only be taken away by something as real and as powerful as itself.

If the cross of Christ be true, then I must deal with it accordingly. It is meant to be the death of sin and the life of righteousness. It is meant to be the fountain opened for sin and for uncleanness. It is meant to be the place where all sin is borne by another for us, so that we live by the death of another, and are pardoned by the condemnation of another. My acceptance of the great work done there is my deliverance from wrath, and sin, and death. I am not bidden to work for pardon: I get it freely, and without desert. I am not bidden to wait for pardon: I get it at once as a finished and provided gift, bestowed upon every one who will go to God for it, and take it in his appointed way.

If all these things be true, then I must be in earnest. Everything connected with God and Christ, with sin and pardon, with life and death, with wrath and favour, with time and eternity, is so unspeakably momentous, that I must be up and minding these things without delay. If I am not in earnest, I am a fool; for what shall it profit me to gain the whole world and to lose my soul? I must seek the right thing. I must seek it at the right time. I must seek it in the right way, I must go straight to God for all I want; and I must meet him at the cross.

I knew one who was all his life seeking, and yet he never seemed to find. He was trying to be happy, but knew not how. He was rich, and had everything that this world could give him. He went about from place to place in search of pleasure. He lived a long life, and spent it in the midst of luxury, eating and drinking and making merry. He had broad lands; he had many friends; and his house was filled with pictures, and statues, and everything that art could provide for him. Yet his weary eye told you that he was not happy. Life seemed to have no joy in it; and yet every day, from morning to night, he was going about in quest of joy. “Who will show me any good?” was his cry. But the good never came. He passed through life weary and unhappy, though apparently possessing all its pleasures. He died about the age of fourscore, and he did not seem ever to have known a happy day. He lived in vain, both for himself and others.

My friend, would you be happy? You must go to God for his love and joy. This world, with riches and pleasures to the full, will do nothing for you. It cannot give you peace. But the God who made you can give you peace — his own satisfying peace. Go immediately, and get it from him. He giveth to all liberally, and upbraideth not.

Would you be safe? You must seek your safety in the Son of God, and beneath the protection of his cross. In him only you are safe. His cross is a shield and hiding-place for time and eternity. Time will soon pass away: the last trumpet may soon sound, and you must stand before the judgment-seat of Christ, to give account of the deeds done in the body. Seek immediate safety in Christ Jesus, the Lamb of God, who taketh away the sin of the world. He is able to save to the uttermost them that come unto God by him. He waits to welcome the guilty. He loves to bless the sinner. Go to him now, and deal with him fully, and fervently, and honestly, about that soul of yours. He will not send you empty away.

Chapter 9: The Ages to Come

The ages to come! “What are they to be to me? How long are they to last?”

We pass into the new year asking these questions; for our days move on with speed; our life is brief; its end is getting nearer; and we seem sometimes to get a glimpse of the burying-place where we may soon be laid, and almost to read our names upon the stone, with the text beneath: “As for man, his days are as grass; as a flower of the field, so he flourisheth: for the wind passeth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know it no more.” (Ps. 103:15–16)

Very near has death come to us during the past year. Loud have been his knocks at our door. His trumpet has given no uncertain sound. Six hundred sleepers in one minute sink beneath the wave, as the blast seizes one of our strongest war vessels and plunges it into the deep as if it were a child’s toy. Some of these sleepers were ready. From their sinking vessel the eternal life-boat carried them at once to their desired haven, and the ship was at the land whither they went (John 6:21); for them that sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. (1 Thess. 4:14) Others might not be ready, and no time was left them to prepare; not even the few hours given to the thief upon the cross. Prepare then, O man to meet thy God!

The governor of Paris lately requested the German commander to give notice of the time when the bombardment of the “joyous city” would begin. The German refused. No warning is to be given. In an unexpected moment, when Paris is perhaps least expecting it, the circle of dormant fire will blaze out, and the awful death-shower commence. So, O man, shall it be with thee. In vain thou askest for some warning, some intimation of thy coming foe. There shall no sign be given, but the signs that are common to all; and these, perhaps, thou art at this moment slighting. It is never too late, indeed, to look to the brazen serpent, so long as the living eye can, even dimly, see the glorious Healer. It is never too late to betake thyself, with all thy sins, to the gracious “Son of the Highest,” so long as thou art on this side of the deep gulf. It is never too late, whilst thou art here, to wash in the blood, to put on the righteousness, to receive the pardon, to drink of the water of life. But how unlikely is it, that they who have forgotten these things in life will remember them when the darkness of a dying hour is over them. How difficult, even if they remember, to deal with divine things, to realise the grace of the gospel, to apprehend the peace and healing of the cross, amid the pain, and weariness, and weakness, of their dissolving frame!

The ancient heathens erected no altars to death amid their many altars to their gods, known or unknown. They knew the last enemy was inexorable. He would not be entreated. He would not be bribed. He would not spare. Make sure, then, O man, of the life beyond death, by believing in him who is “Life eternal.” So shall death be transformed from an enemy to a friend. It is said that one of old, seeing an artist painting death as a skeleton with a huge iron scythe, said, “Friend, should you not rather paint him as an angel with a golden key?” To the man who knows not the cross, and the forgiveness finished there, death must be the skeleton with the scythe. To the man who has found life and peace in believing the divine testimony to the great Sin-bearer and his work, death is the angel with the golden key. Which of these two is he to be to, O fellow immortal? “He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.” (Rev. 2:11) Is that your hope? Is that a text which you expect to place beneath your dying pillow? Or, if you are to have no pillow but the heaving wave, or, it may be, the red turf of the battlefield, shall you be able to take such a text to rest upon, when called hence, perhaps in a moment, to receive the eternal judgment?

One old minister passed away with these words upon his dying lips, “I am full of the consolations of Christ.”

Another Christian breathed out her soul with, “Safe under the shadow of his wing.”

Another spoke his inward feeling in the hour of death with, “Peace like a river.”

Melancthon was asked, when dying, if he wanted anything — “Nothing but heaven,” was his reply.

Baxter was asked, when about to depart, how he was, and answered, “Almost well.”

Grimshaw, of Haworth, when asked the same question replied, “As happy as I can be on earth, and as sure of glory as if I were in it; I have nothing to do but to step from this bed into heaven.”

Dr. Judson said, “Death cannot take me by surprise, I feel so strong in Christ.”

Another Christian died with these words on her lips, “I never felt so near the Lord Jesus Christ as I do at this moment.”

Another once and again repeated the words, “Death hath no sting, Christ hath taken it away.”

Another exclaimed, “If this is the valley of the shadow of death, there is no darkness in it — it is all light.”

“Let me die the death of the righteous, and let my last end be like his.” (Num. 23:10)

To him who reads these pages there may of but short time remaining. “This year thou shalt die,” were the awful words that once came to a sinner from a prophet’s lips. And though no prophet comes thus to sound his trumpet in your ears, it may not be the less true that this year may be your last on earth.

Be it so or not, we speak to you as one who still liveth upon this earth, and to whom, therefore, in all its gracious plenty, the gospel comes. It speaks to you as a dying creature; it speaks to your undying soul. It speaks the words of grace; yet it urges you to make haste. It points to the open gate of the glorious city; yet it says, that in a moment that gate may be shut. It tells you of eternal life through him who died and rose again. It assures you that whosoever believeth is saved.

That which makes up the “good news” for sinners, God has most fully made known. We need not be at a loss to find out what is “the gospel of the grace of God.” In love he gave his Son, as the bearer of our sins; as “the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.” In love he has written down for us the whole story of the life and death of this divine Sin-bearer. “The Word was made flesh” at Bethlehem; the Son of God there became very man, bone of our bone, and flesh of our flesh. There he who knew no sin came under the burden of our sins. For sin is so evil, and God is so just, and the law is so holy, that either we must bear our own sins or another must bear them for us; they cannot pass unpunished. There must be a substitute, if there is to be salvation. For thirty-three years “the Son of the Blessed” dwelt among us, speaking words of grace, doing deeds of mercy, revealing God to us, carrying out the great work of love, and completing the great propitiation for sin. He went up to the cross as the Sin-bearer; he went down to the grave as such; he rose again the third day as one who had done the whole work, and who had been accepted by the Father as such. “He was delivered for our offences, and rose again for our justification.” (Rom. 4:25) “He suffered, the Just for the unjust that he might bring us to God.” (1 Pet. 3:18) “He hath made peace by the blood of his cross.” (Col. 1:20)

All the perfection of Christ’s person and work is now presented to the sinner, that he may receive it, and be saved. The gospel comes to him with the finished work of the Substitute, and presses that work on his acceptance; so that in simply taking it as God presents it, he may stand on a new footing, even that of the perfectness of Christ, instead of his own imperfectness.

Thus we press the treasures of the gospel on each reader of these lines. It speaks to you of the fulness of Christ, and the open way of access for you, a sinner, to all that fulness. It bids you welcome to the mercy-seat with all your worthlessness. It beckons you, with the eager hand of love, to return to God and enter the city of refuge. It contains “good news” — the best of tidings to the sons of men; and it sums up with, “Only believe.”

The ages to come.” Perhaps the eyes of some mourner may rest on these lines. Cast your sorrow upon Jesus, who is your Sorrow-bearer, as well as your Sin-bearer; and look forward to that city of light where darkness cannot dwell, neither sorrow nor crying; and where tears are wiped from every eye. The days of thy mourning shall be ended. The night shall pass away, and the morning star appear. Christian mourner, lean on the arm of your Lord, and pour your sorrows into his bosom. A lady, a missionary in Persia, was once teaching a class of inquiring natives. Worn out with the fatigues of a busy day, she could hardly sit erect. One of the converts, observing her weakness, placed herself behind her as a pillow, saying, “Lean on me.” The loving teacher leant a little, but was afraid of leaning too much. The same kind voice again spoke out, “If you love me, lean hard.” Oh, sorrowful Christian, lean on Jesus. He says to you, “If you love Me, lean hard.”

The ages to come.” How soon will they be here! With their untold riches of joy, and song, and brightness, they will soon be here. With their happy reunions, their everlasting fellowships, their never-ending rest, their never-setting suns, they will soon be here! Our labours done, our victory gained; our weariness at an end; our vexations and troubles gone like a dream of the night; our wounds all healed; our heartaches soothed; our heaviness of spirit exchanged for heavenly buoyancy; our ignorance all forgotten in divine wisdom and knowledge; our hanging hands lifted up, and our feeble knees made strong; our wrinkled foreheads smoothed by the same tender hand that wipes all tears from our eyes; all the imperfections of earth lost in the perfection of heaven!

The arrival of all these things may be nearer than we think. For “he that shall come will come, and will not tarry.” “What manner of persons,” then, “ought we to be, in all holy conversation and godliness!” Surely we are called to a higher style of Christian life than most of us are living! How much holier, more prayerful, more unworldly, more self-denying, more loving and spiritual, ought all who name the name of Christ to be! We shall be like him when we shall see him as he is. Shall we not seek to be like him here?

What makes us holy? Close intimacy with Jesus. What makes faith grow? Dealing much with Jesus. What fills us with joy? Looking into the face of Jesus. What keeps us steadfast? Leaning on the arm of Jesus. What comforts us in sorrow? Resting on the bosom of Jesus. For Christ is all and in all; and we have all in him. Let us seek to honour his fulness by receiving it fully, and to enjoy his love.